Browse by Faculty

Up a level
Export as [feed] RSS 2.0 [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] Atom
Group by: Author | Item Type | No Grouping
Number of items: 75.

A. J., Fatin and Kandiah, Mirnalini (2008) Symposium 3: Young Investigators Symposium Diet-related psycho-social factors associated with fat, fruits and vegetable consumption in adults. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S7-S7. ISSN 1394-035X

A. Karim, Norimah and Mohd Yusof, Safiah and Hashim, Jamal Khair and Mohd Din, Siti Haslinda and Harun, Zuhaida and Saleh Hudin, Rohida and Salim, Fatimah and Mohd Ngadikin, Siti Norazlin and Poh, Bee Koon and Kandiah, Mirnalini and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Wan Muda, Wan Abdul Manan and Sulong, Fatimah and Md. Yusof, Azmi (2008) Food Consumption Patterns: Findings from the Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey(MANS). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (1). pp. 25-39. ISSN 1394-035X

Ab. Hamid, Suzana and Wastie, Martin L (2008) Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as a uterine cervical mass. Singapore Medical Journal, 49 (3). e73-e75. ISSN 0037-5675

Ab. Wahid, Nor Faizadatul Ain and Mohd Esa, Norhaizan (2008) Phytate, iron, zinc and calcium contents and their molar ratios in selected raw and prepared food commonly consumed in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S8-S8. ISSN 1394-035X

Abd Latiff, Latiffah and Hanachi, Parichehr (2008) To investigate the relation of hypertension and anthropometric measurement among elderly in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8 (21). pp. 3963-3968. ISSN 1812-5654, ESSN: 1812-5662

Abd Latiff, Latiffah and Parichehr, Hanachi (2008) Sexual perceptions among people aged 45 years, association of reproductive health and socio-demographic factors in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health , 2 (1). pp. 23-27. ISSN 1735-8949, ESSN: 1735-9392

Abd Latiff , Latiffah and Hanachi, Parichehr and Khania, S. (2008) The association of hypertension with major risk factors among University Putra Malaysia retirees. Journal of Medical Sciences, 8 (3). pp. 254-261. ISSN Asian Network for Scientific Information

Abd Manaf, Rosliza and Shamsuddin, Khadijah (2008) Smoking among young urban Malaysian women and its risk factors. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 20 (3). pp. 204-213. ISSN 1010-5395, ESSN: 1941-2479

Abdul, Ahmad Bustamam and Ibrahim, Siddig and Al-Zubairi, Adel S. and Met, Mana and Syam, M. M. (2008) Zerumbone : A Natural Compound with Anti-Cholinesterase Activity. American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 3 (3). pp. 209-211. ISSN 1557-4962

Abdul, Ahmad Bustamam and Mohamed, Abdel Wahab Hassan and Mohamed, Osama Yousif and Wahab, Siddig Ibrahim Abdel and Taha, Manal Mohamed Elhassan and Al-Zubairi, Adel Sharaf (2008) Serotonergic properties of the roots of Clerodendron capitatum. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4 (4). pp. 425-430. ISSN 1553-3468

Abdul , Ahmad Bustamam and Abdullah, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim and Ibrahim, Siddiq and Devi, Nirmala and Al-zubairi, Adel S. and Syam, M.M (2008) The establishment and use of an in vivo animal model for cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia. International Journal of Cancer Research , 4 (3). pp. 61-70. ISSN 1811-9727, ESSN: 1811-9735

Agajani Delavar, Mouloud and Lye , Munn Sann and Syed Hassan, Syed Tajuddin B. and Hanachi, Parichehr and Khor , Geok Lin (2008) Total calcium intake and metabolic syndrome in middle aged women, Babol, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 5 (2). pp. 193-198. ISSN 1818-4952, ESSN: 1991-6426

Al-Otaibi, Hala Hazam (2008) Effect of an Educational Intervention on the Promotion of Dietary and Lifestyle Changes for the Prevention of Breast Cancer Among Female Teachers in Selected Schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Amom, Zulkhairi and Md Akim, Abdah and Nik Hassan, Mohd Kamal and Ibrahim, Nursakinah and Mohd Moklas, Mohamad Aris and Bahari, Hasnah and Fazil, Muhammad Nor Fazali and Fairuz Azman, Khairunnuur and Abdul Kadir, Khairul Kamilah and Md Shah, Zamree and Mohd Arshad, Mohd Shahidan (2008) Biological Properties of Tinospora crispa (Akar Patawali) and Its Antiproliferative Activities on Selected Human Cancer Cell Lines. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). pp. 173-187. ISSN 1394-035X

Appannah, Geeta and Haniff, Jamaiyah and Mohammad Nor, Noor Safiza and Wong, N. F. and Kee, Chee Cheong and Zainuddin, Ahmad Ali and Shahar, Suzana and Rasat, Rahmah and Khor, Geok Lin and Abd Talib, Ruzita and Chen, Won Sun and M., Rajaah and Yusoff, Ahmad Faudzi (2008) Reliability, technical error of measurements and validity of instruments for nutritional status assessment of adults in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). S25-S26. ISSN 1394-035X

Ashari, Asmidawati and Yassin, Zaitun and Tengku Ab Hamid, Tengku Aizan (2008) Relationship between selected socio-demographic and health-related factors with intake of fruits and vegetables among the elderly in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). ISSN 1394-035X

Berita Harian, (2008) Pelajar UPM Beri Rawatan Kesihatan Percuma. (Call Number: UNSPECIFIED)

Berita Harian, (2008) Seminar Translasi Kanser. (Call Number: UNSPECIFIED)

Berita Mingguan, Rohaniza Idris (2008) Histeria Penyakit Psikiatri. (Call Number: UNSPECIFIED)

C. W., Loh and Y. M., Chan (2008) Calcium intake, physical activity and bone health status among Chinese early adolescents. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S29-S29. ISSN 1394-035X

Cheah , Pike See and Mohidin, Norhani and Mohd Ali, Bariah and Maung , Myint and Abdul Latif , Azian (2008) The resin-embedded cornea prepared via rapid processing protocol : a good histomorphometric target for clinical investigation in opthalmology and optometry. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 15 (3). pp. 49-54. ISSN 1394-195X, ESSN: 2180-4303

Cheong , Theng Cheong and Ee , Ming Khoo (2008) Prevalence of rubella susceptibility among pregnant mothers in a community-based antenatal clinic in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 20 (4). pp. 340-346. ISSN 1010-5395, ESSN: 1941-2479

Chin, Y. S. and M. T., Mohd Nasir and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Khor, Geok Lin (2008) Development and preliminary validation of socio-cultural influences on body image scale for Malaysian female adolescents. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). S20-S21. ISSN 1394-035X

Chua , M. T. and Mohd Shariff , Zalilah (2008) Maternal child feeding knowledge and practices and growth status of young children aged 6 to 24 months in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S22-S22. ISSN 1394-035X

Fakurazi, Sharida and Ithnin, Hairuszah and Ganabadi, Shanti and J., Mohd Lip (2008) The effect of pretreatment of zerumbone on fatty liver following ethanol induced Hepatotoxicity. Journal of Biological Sciences , 8 (8). pp. 1348-1351. ISSN 1727-3048, ESSN : 1812-5719

Fakurazi, Sharida and Ithnin, Hairuszah and U, Nanthini (2008) Moringa oleifera Lam prevents acetaminophen induced liver injury through restoration of glutathione level. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 46 (8). pp. 2611-2615. ISSN 0278-6915 & ESSN: 1873-6351

Geok , Chin Tan and Noor Akmal, Sharifah and Mohd Sidik, Shiran and Shuib, Salwati and Ahmad Zailani, Hatta and Hock, Oon Paul-Ng (2008) Utility of Ki-67 and p53 in distinguishing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 from squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 9 (4 ). pp. 781-784. ISSN 1513-7368

Green, Timothy J and Skeaff, Clark Murray and Rockell, Jennifer E.P and Venn, Bernard J. and Lambert, A. and Todd, J. and Khor, Geok Lin and Loh, Su Peng and Muslimatun, Siti and Agustina , Rina and Whiting, Susan Joyce (2008) Vitamin D status and its association with parathyroid hormone concentrations in women of child-bearing age living in Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (3). pp. 373-378. ISSN ISSN: 0954-3007, ESSN: 1476-5640

Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal and Md. Zain, Azhar and Rampal, Sanjay and Rahman, Abdul Rashid (2008) Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Malaysia: A national study of 16,440 subjects. Public Health, 122 . pp. 11-18. ISSN 0033-3506, ESSN: 1476-5616

H. E., Khoo and A., Ismail (2008) Determination of Daidzein and Genistein Contents in Mangifera Fruit. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 1394-035X

Haniff, Jamaiyah and Appannah, Geeta and Mohammad Nor, Noor Safiza and Khor, Geok Lin and Wong, N. F. and Kee, Chee Cheong and Zainuddin, Ahmad Ali and Rasat, Rahmah and Shahar, Suzana and Abd Talib, Ruzita and Chen, Won Sun and M., Rajaah and Yusoff, Ahmad Faudzi (2008) Reliability, technical error of measurements and validity of instruments for nutritional status assessment of children in the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S25-S25. ISSN 1394-035X

Haniff, Jamaiyah and Appannah, Geeta and Mohammad Nor, Noor Safiza and Wong, N. F. and Kee, Chee Cheong and Zainuddin, Ahmad Ali and Shahar, Suzana and Rasat, Rahmah and Khor, Geok Lin and Abd Talib, Ruzita and Chen, Won Sun and M., Rajaah and Yusoff, Ahmad Faudzi (2008) Reliability and Technical Error of Calf Circumference and Mid-half Arm Span Measurements for Nutritional Status Assessment of Elderly Persons in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). pp. 137-150. ISSN 1394-035X

Hashim , Zailina and A.S., Nurul Izzah and S., Nurfazila (2008) Work stress and Melatonin Levels among shift workers in a Printing Industry. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine., 8 (1). p. 1. ISSN 1675-0306

Idrus , Zulkifli and Zakaria, Zunita and Hashemi, S.R and Muhammad Nazrul , Somchit (2008) The effect of selected sterilization methods on antibacterial activity of aqueous extract of herbal plants. Journal of Biological Sciences , 8 (6). pp. 1072-1076. ISSN 1727-3048, ESSN : 1812-5719

Ismail, Amin and Hamid, Muhajir and Abdul Ghani, Nawalyah and Mohd Mokhtar, Ruzaidi Azli and Mhd. Jalil, Abbe Maleyki (2008) Protective effect of polyphenol-rich extract prepared from Malaysian cocoa (Theobroma cacao) on glucose levels and lipid profiles in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 88 (8). pp. 1442-1447. ISSN 0022-5142, ESSN: 1097-0010

Ismail, Amin and Khairul Ikram, Emmy Hainida and Mohd Nazri, Halimatul Saadiah (2008) Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) seeds - nutritional composition, protein quality and health benefits. Food, 2 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1749-7140

Ismail, Amin and Mhd Jalil, Abbe Maleyki (2008) Polyphenols in cocoa and cocoa products: is there a link between antioxidant properties and health?. Molecules, 13 (9). pp. 2190-2219. ISSN 1431-5157, ESSN: 1420-3049

Ismail, Amin and Mohd Esa, Norhaizan and Hashim, Normah and Khairul Ikram, Hainida (2008) Nutritional and amino acid contents of differently treated Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)seeds. Food Chemistry, 111 (4). pp. 906-911. ISSN 0308-8146 Online ISSN: 1873-7072

Ismail, Intan Hakimah and Mohd Fakharuddin, Mohd. Feizel Alsiddiq and Othman, Norlijah and Mohd Noh, Lokman and Wan-Azfa, Farahiah WZ (2008) The unexpected bilateral Tuberculous empyema: a case report in a child. International Journal of Health Research, 1 (2). pp. 40-44. ISSN 1596-9886, EISSN: 1596-9819

Ismail , Intan Hakimah and Othman, Norlijah and Zubaidah, C. D. and Ahmad R, Norazah (2008) Subdural collections due to non-typhi Salmonella infections in two Malaysian children. Singapore Medical Journal , 49 (7). e186-e189. ISSN 0037-5675

J. A. J. M., Taminiau (2008) Symposium 4: Food innovations to promote nutritional wellbeing Probiotics for infants and young children. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S10-S10. ISSN 1394-035X

J. M., Hamid Jan and M. J., Siti Norsyaza and Y. H., Tan and Laura I., Bouwman (2008) Nutrigenomics: a survey on continuing education needs of registered dietitians in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S27-S28. ISSN 1394-035X

Jalil Zorriehzahra, Seyed Mohammad Ebrahim (2008) Aetiologic Agents of Fry Mortality Syndrome in the Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss) in Iran. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

K., Mirnalini and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Mohd Yusof, Safiah and M. D., Siti Haslinda and D., Siti Rohana and M. Y., Khairul Zarina and S., Mohd Hasyami and H., Normah (2008) Energy and Nutrient Intakes: Findings from the Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey (MANS). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (1). pp. 1-24. ISSN 1394-035X

Karppaya, Haemamalar and Mohd Shariff , Zalilah and Ngan, W. L. and Azman, Neng Azhanie (2008) Health and nutrition of Orang Asli (Che Wong) at Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang – a descriptive study. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S27-S27. ISSN 1394-035X

Leong, Vincent Ching-Shian and Jabal, Mohd Faizal and Leong, Pooi Pooi and Abdullah, Maizaton Atmadini and Gul, Yunus Alif and Seow, Heng Fong (2008) PIK3C Agene mutations in breast carcinoma in Malaysian patients. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 187 (2). pp. 74-79. ISSN 0165-4608, ESSN: 1873-4456

M. Y., Aza Sherin and Y., Naimah and S., Sabariah and L., Ismail and S., Suhaila (2008) Nutritional status, energy and protein consumption among primary schoolchildren in Pulau Mantanani, Kota Belud, Sabah. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S18-S18. ISSN 1394-035X

Mohammad Nor, Noor Safiza and Khor, Geok Lin and Shahar, Suzana and Kee, Chee Cheong and Haniff, Jamaiyah and Appannah, Geeta and Rasat, Rahmah and Wong, N. F. and Zainuddin, Ahmad Ali and Ab Rahman, Jamaluddin and Abd Talib, Ruzita and Yusoff, Ahmad Faudzi (2008) The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) 2006: nutritional status of adults aged 18 years and above. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2). pp. 1-87. ISSN 1394-035X

Moh’d Hamadneh, Lama Abdel Qader (2008) Application of Proteomics Approaches in the Identification of New Markers and Therapeutic Targets for Breast Cancer. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and K., Mirnalini and Mohd Yusof, Safiah and A., Tahir and M. D., Siti Haslinda and D., Siti Rohana and M. Y., Khairul Zarina and S., Mohd Hasyami and H., Normah and A., Siti Fatimah (2008) Daily Energy Intake from Meals and Afternoon Snacks: Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey(MANS). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (1). pp. 41-45. ISSN 1394-035X

Mohd Sidik, Sherina and Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal and Loh, J. W. and Chan, C. L. and Teh, P. C. and Tan, P. O. (2008) Self-esteem and its associated factors among secondary school students in Klang District, Selangor. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 63 (1). pp. 26-30. ISSN 0300-5283

Mohd Sidik, Shiran and Abdul Rahman, Sabariah and Tan, GeokChin and Chye, P. C. and Pathmanathan , Rajadurai (2008) Small cell variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma with positive immunoreactivity for CD99. Medical Journal of Malaysia , 63 (2 ). pp. 150-151. ISSN 0300-5283

Moorthy, Mohanambal (2008) Involvement Of Mitochondria In Diclofenac – And Ibuprofen- Induced Hepatotoxicity. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Musa, A.F. and Taib, E.M. and Rahman, S.A. (2008) A comparative study of vascular integrity in the minimally technique of saphenous vein harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting. In: XXXVIBiennial World Congress of the International College of Surgeon, 3-6 Dec 2008, Vienna, Austria.

N. C., Wilson and Mohd Ghazali, Mohd Zaid and N., Flyger and Abd Aziz, Ramlan and B. K., Poh and Tengku Kamalden, Tengku Fadilah and Omar, Mohd Azahadi and S., Khoo and Mohd Din, Siti Haslinda and Hassan, Zuber (2008) The challenge of measuring physical activity. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S15-S15. ISSN 1394-035X

New Straits Times, (2008) Bulletin. (Call Number: UNSPECIFIED)

New Straits Times, (2008) Second Undergraduate Health Science Research Seminar. (Call Number: UNSPECIFIED)

Nordin, Norshariza and Meng, Li and Mason, John O. (2008) Expression Profiles of Wnt Genes during Neural Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells. Cloning and Stem Cells, 10 (1). pp. 37-48. ISSN 1178-6957

Parisa , Parsa and Kandiah, Mirnalini and Mohd Taib, Mohd Nasir and Abdul Rahman, Hejar and Mohd Zulkefli, Nor Afiah (2008) Reliability and validity of Champion's Health Belief Model Scale for breast cancer screening among Malaysian women. Singapore Medical Journal, 49 (11). pp. 897-903. ISSN 0037-5675

Parsa, Parisa (2008) Effects of Educational Intervention Pertaining to Knowledge, Beliefs, Barriers and Practices on Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors Among Teachers in Selangor, Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Razman, Muhammad Rizal and Azlan, Azrina (2008) The safety of drinking bottled water based on law of negligence : Malaysian perspectives. Environmental Research Journal, 2 (6). pp. 343-347. ISSN 1994-5396

S. M., Cheong and C. Y., Wong and Kandiah, Mirnalini (2008) Theory based e-mail intervention for promoting cancer prevention through nutrition and lifestyle behaviour change: design of researchprotocol. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S20-S20. ISSN 1394-035X

S. P., Dan and M. T., Mohd Nasir (2008) Psycho-social correlates of physical activity in young adolescents. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S23-S23. ISSN 1394-035X

S. T., Tan and I., Amin (2008) Antioxidant properties (components and capacity) in fresh, powder and fibre products prepared from bacang (Mangifera foetida) fruits. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S8-S9. ISSN 1394-035X

S. W., Ang and Y., Zaitun (2008) A03 Skeletal muscle mass and its relationship with physical activity and functional status among institutionalised elderly aged 60 and above in Penang. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). ISSN 1394-035X

S. Y., Chai and Kandiah, Mirnalini (2008) Weight management practices of adults in a work site setting. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S19-S20. ISSN 1394-035X

Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina and R., Krishnan and A.S., Shamsul and Ahmad, Zaiton and R., Visvanathan (2008) Prevalence of falls among older people attending a primary care clinic in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Community Health , 14 (1). pp. 11-16. ISSN 1675-1663

Soo, Kah Leng (2008) Factors Contributing to Disordered Eating Behaviours and At-Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescent Girls in Kelantan, Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Subha, Sethu Thakachy and Puraviappan, Periyannan and Abd Majid, Nasir and Prepageran, Narayanan (2008) Tuberculous Otomastoiditis: a case report. International Journal of Health Research, 1 (3). pp. 111-114. ISSN 1596-9886, ESSN: 1596-9819

Tan, Yong Khai and Abdul Ghani, Nawalyah (2008) Comparison of risk factors of Diabetes Mellitus type 2 between vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kulim, Kedah. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2 supplement). S9-S10. ISSN 1394-035X

Utusan Malaysia, (2008) Bakal jururawat UPM berbakti. (Call Number: H 2008 18)

Vasudevan, Ramachandran and Ismail, Patimah and Stanslas, Johnson and Shamsudin, Norashikin and Moin, Saidi and Mohd Jas, Rusni (2008) Association of insertion/deletion polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme gene with essential hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysian subjects. Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System, 9 (4). pp. 208-214. ISSN 1470-3203 & ESSN: 1752-8976

Yip , WK (2008) Overexpression of phospho-Akt correlates with phosphorylation of EGF receptor, FKHR and BAD in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Oncology reports, 19 (2). pp. 319-328. ISSN 1021-335X, ESSN: 1791-2431

Z., Farah Wahida and M. T., Mohd Nasir (2008) Nutritional challenges among the elderly in an old folks home in Pahang. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S24-S24. ISSN 1394-035X

Z., Farah Wahida and M. T., Mohd Nasir (2008) A15 Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding nutrition labeling among support staff in Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14 (2(supplement)). S24-S25. ISSN 1394-035X

This list was generated on Mon May 27 04:02:47 2013 MYT.

Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository

Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository is an on-line digital archive that serves as a central collection and storage of scientific information and research at the Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Currently, the collections deposited in the IR consists of Master and PhD theses, Master and PhD Project Report, Journal Articles, Journal Bulletins, Conference Papers, UPM News, Newspaper Cuttings, Patents and Inaugural Lectures.

As the policy of the university does not permit users to view thesis in full text, access is only given to the first 24 pages only.