UPM Institutional Repository

Electrosynthesis and modification of titania nanotubes and incorporation of manganese-nickel oxides for supercapacitor application


Muhammad, Muzakir Muhammad (2021) Electrosynthesis and modification of titania nanotubes and incorporation of manganese-nickel oxides for supercapacitor application. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Highly ordered titania nanotubes (TNTs) as a 1D nanostructured material have received a lot of interest for supercapacitor applications due to their large surface area and relatively low cost. In this study, TNTs was synthesized by anodization in glycerol-based electrolytes. Electrochemical reduction process was used to modify the TNTs to overcome its high resistivity. The reduced titania nanotubes (R-TNTs) show improved capacitance of 2.28 mF cm-2 which is 7 times higher than TNTs. The R-TNTs exhibit a rectangular cyclic voltammograms and symmetrical triangular charge-discharge curves which are ideal characteristics of electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs). Furthermore, MnO2, NiO and binary NiMn2O4 were incorporated into the nanotubular structures of R-TNTs by pulse electrodeposition (PED) to enhance the capacitive performance of R-TNTs. The capacitance increased to 50.81 mF cm-2, 16.57 mF cm-2 and 97.52 mF cm-2 for MnO2/R-TNTs, NiO/R-TNTs and NiMn2O4/R-TNTs, respectively. All cyclic voltammograms and galvanostatic charge-discharge curves from these samples measured in 1M KCl using three electrode-configuration indicate a pseudocapacitive contribution from the deposited metal oxides. The highest capacitance obtained for the NiMn2O4/R-TNTs composite is attributed to the synergistic effects of the MnO2 and NiO deposited onto high conductivity RTNTs. Physical characterization of all the synthesized samples was conducted by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Higher energy and power density of 5.31 mWh cm-2 and 190.91 mW cm-2 respectively were obtained for NiMn2O4/R-TNTs asymmetric cell in two-electrode configuration.

Download File

[img] Text
FS 2021 45 IR.pdf

Download (1MB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subject: Electrochemical analysis
Subject: Titanates
Subject: Nanotubes
Call Number: FS 2021 45
Chairman Supervisor: Professor Zulkarnain bin Zainal, PhD
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Mas Norain Hashim
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 01:48
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 01:48
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/92765
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item