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Nutritional, mineral and organic acid composition of passion fruit (Passiflora species)


Ramaiya, Shiamala Devi and Bujang, Japar Sidik and Zakaria, M. Hazmadi and Saupi, Noorasmah (2019) Nutritional, mineral and organic acid composition of passion fruit (Passiflora species). Food Research International, 3 (3). 231 - 240. ISSN 0963-9969; ESSN: 1873-7145


This study focused onproximate composition, mineral content and organic acid properties of fruit juices from four Passifloraspecies; Passiflora edulis(Purple), Passiflora edulis(Frederick), Passiflora maliformis, and Passiflora quadrangularis and the mesocarp of Passiflora quadrangularis. The moisture content varied between 84.37±0.63% in P. edulis(Frederick) to 86.63±0.33% in mesocarp of P. quadrangularis. The ash content of mesocarp of P. quadrangulariswas significantly lower (0.51±0.02%) than its juice (1.37±0.14%). Among the Passiflora species, P. edulis(Purple) and P. edulis(Frederick) possessed higher protein, 2.81±0.19% and 2.40±0.11%, respectively. The fiber content in P. quadrangularis mesocarp was significantly higher (8.49±0.40%) than other juices. Passiflorafruits have fat content <0.5% in edible portion. The carbohydrate content of Passiflorafruit juices was not significantly different with ranged 6.57±0.29% in P. quadrangularisto 7.44±0.69% in P. edulis(Frederick). Additionally, a cup of 247 mL Passiflorajuices provided ~34% of potassium, 60-80% Magnesium, >80% phosphorus and provides an adequate level of micronutrients especially Ferum content which is 90% of daily recommended allowance of minerals. The major organic acid in Passiflorafruit juice was citric acid and ranged 1137.00±0.13 mg 100 g-1in P. quadrangularisto 1487.30±0.28 mg 100 g-1in P. edulis(Purple). Malic acid was second abundant organic acid with 156.00±0.07 mg 100 g-1in P. edulis(Frederick) to 502.30±0.07 mg 100 g-1in P. quadrangularis. Apart from the common species of Passiflora edulis, other lesser known Passifloraspecies are also gaining visibility in drinks, food and health promoter.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.26656/fr.2017.3(3).233
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Passiflora species; Organic acid; Proximate analysis; Mineral content; Mesocarp
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2019 05:45
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 05:45
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.26656/fr.2017.3(3).233
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/75106
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