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Geometry of two-qubit system and hopf fibration


Wong, Wen Wei (2013) Geometry of two-qubit system and hopf fibration. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Complex Hopf fibration and quaternionic Hopf fibration provide distinct ways of describing the state space for two-qubit quantum states. In this research, we have studied the geometry of quantum states for a two-level quantum system, along with the correspondence between complex Hopf bundle and quaternionic Hopf bundle. In the first part of our study, we investigate the behaviour of local coordinates for both Hopf bundles under different degree of entanglement such as entangled states and non-entangled states. Fubini-Study metric for complex projective space is also obtained. Its form suggests that for the intermediate entangled states, complex projective space CP3 can be described as a set of flat three-tori parametrized by a three-sphere. The local inhomogeneous coordinate of CP3 (base space of complex Hopf fibration) is found to carry the description of both subsystems A and B, whereas in the case of maximally entangled state, basis elements of local coordinates CP3 is not linearly independent of each other. Next, we construct a base space map between CP3 and S4, which is denoted as η map. After the mapping, we obtained phases in the base space manifold, different sections and coordinate charts are related by transition functions. We found that there is an inherent symmetry of coordinate transformation corresponds to different sections of CP3, which is expressed in terms of transition functions having the U(1) group structure. Also under η map, phases and transition function in S4 is doubled over that of CP3, indicating subtle symmetric changes after the mapping. The base space coordinates of quaternionic Hopf bundle are consist of two parts, whereby the first part is invariant to the coordinate transformation in CP3 but sensitive to the coordinate transformation in S4.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: Geometry, algebraic
Subject: Hopf algebras
Subject: Algebra
Call Number: IPM 2013 11
Chairman Supervisor: Hishamuddin Zainuddin, PhD
Divisions: Institute for Mathematical Research
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2019 03:27
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2019 03:27
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67679
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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