Search for New Antioxidants and Other Related Bioactive Compounds from Zingiberaceous Species
Mohamad, Habsah (2002) Search for New Antioxidants and Other Related Bioactive Compounds from Zingiberaceous Species. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Thirty-one species from Zingiberacea family were screened for their antioxidant (FTC method), antimicrobial (disc diffusion method), and antitumour promoting (EBV EA assay method) activities. Three species, A lpinia zerumbet, A lpinia rfflesiana and Etlingera elatiar, were selected for further study, based on their promising preliminary biological activities. Five known compounds were isolatpd hom the rhizomes of Alpinia zerumbet, namely S,6-dehydrokawain, flavokawin B, l,7-diphenyl-Shydroxy- 6-heptene-3-one, (-)-pinocembrin, and a mixture of stigmasterol and β-sitosterol. From the fruits of Alpinia raffiesiana, seven compounds were isolated, namely 5,6-dehydrokawain: flavokawin B, l,7-diphenyl-5- hydroxy-6-heptene-3-one, (-)-pinocembrin, cardamonin, (-)-pinostrobin, and 2',3',4',6' -tetrahydroxychalcone. This is the first report on the isolation of 2',3',4',6' -tetrahydroxychalcone from Alpinia.
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