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Human health risk assessments of trace metals on the clam Corbicula javanica in a tropical river in Peninsular Malaysia


Yap, Chee Kong and Wong, Koe Wei and Al-Shami, Salman Abdo and Nulit, Rosimah and Cheng, Wan Hee and Aris, Ahmad Zaharin and Sharifinia, Moslem and Bakhtiari, Alireza Riyahi and Okamura, Hideo and Saleem, Muhammad and Chew, Weiyun and Ismail, Mohamad Saupi and Al-Mutairi, Khalid Awadh (2021) Human health risk assessments of trace metals on the clam Corbicula javanica in a tropical river in Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 1660-4601


This study aimed to analyse ten trace metal concentrations in the edible part of the freshwater clam Corbicula javanica and to provide a critical assessment of the potential risks to human health through consumption of this clam as food based on well-established indices and food safety guidelines. The clams were captured from a pristine original site and transplanted to other sites with different environmental qualities. The trace metal levels in the edible total soft tissue (TST) of the clam were below those of the food safety guidelines referred to except for Pb, which exceeded the permissible limit set by the European Commission (2006) and the US Food and Drug Administration/ Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition); Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference. (USFDA/CFSAN; ISSC) (2007). The estimated daily intake (EDI) values of the clam were found to be lower than the oral reference dose and the calculated target hazard quotient (THQ) and total THQ were found to be less than 1. Therefore, in conclusion, the human health risk for consumption of TST of C. javanica at both average and high-level were insignificant regardless of the environment it was exposed to.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/1/195

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010195
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Human health risk assessment; Trace metals; Corbicula javanica; Malaysia
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 01:49
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 01:49
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/app10113912
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/97566
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