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Hospital food service strategies to improve food intakes among inpatients: a systematic review


Osman, Noor Suzana and Md Nor, Norazmir and Md Sharif, Mohd Shazali and Abdul Hamid, Syahrul Bariah and Rahamat, Syafiqah (2021) Hospital food service strategies to improve food intakes among inpatients: a systematic review. Nutrients, 13 (10). pp. 1-26. ISSN 2072-6643


This review aims to identify hospital food service strategies to improve food consumption among hospitalized patients. A systematic search that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria was manually conducted through Web of Science and Scopus by an author, and the ambiguities were clarified by two senior authors. The quality assessment was separately conducted by two authors, and the ambiguities were clarified with all the involved authors. Qualitative synthesis was used to analyze and summarized the findings. A total of 2432 articles were identified by searching the databases, and 36 studies were included. The majority of the studies applied menu modifications and meal composition interventions (n = 12, 33.3%), or included the implementation of the new food service system (n = 8, 22.2%), protected mealtimes, mealtime assistance and environmental intervention (n = 7, 19.4%), and attractive meal presentation (n = 3, 8.3%). Previous studies that used multidisciplinary approaches reported a significant improvement in food intake, nutritional status, patient satisfaction and quality of life (n = 6, 16.7%). In conclusion, it is suggested that healthcare institutions consider applying one or more of the listed intervention strategies to enhance their foodservice operation in the future.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/10/3649

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103649
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Foodservice; Malnutrition; Food intake; Intervention; Hospital
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2022 04:10
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2022 04:10
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/nu13103649
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/97542
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