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Food insecurity: is it a threat to University students’ well-being and success?


Ahmad, Nor Syaza Sofiah and Sulaiman, Norhasmah and Sabri, Mohamad Fazli (2021) Food insecurity: is it a threat to University students’ well-being and success? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (11). art. no. 5627. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1660-4601


Food insecurity is a growing concern among university students. The high prevalence of food insecurity is a threat to students’ health and success. Therefore, this study aims to determine an association between food security status, psychosocial factors, and academic performance among university students. A total of 663 undergraduate students in seven randomly selected faculties in Universiti Putra Malaysia participated in this study. An online survey was conducted to obtain demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, food security status (six-item USDA; food security survey module, FSSM), psychosocial factors (depression, anxiety and stress scale, DASS-21) and academic performance. Among the abovementioned participating students, 32.4% are male. About 62.8% reported to have experienced food insecurity. Binary logistic regression revealed that students whose fathers were working (AOR = 6.446, 95% CI: 1.22, 34.01) came from low- (AOR = 14.314, 95% CI: 1.565, 130.954) and middle-income groups (AOR = 15.687, 95% CI: 1.720, 143.092), and those receiving financial aid (AOR = 2.811, 95% CI: 1.602, 4.932) were associated with food insecurity. Additionally, food insecurity students were less-likely reported, with CGPA ≥ 3.7 (AOR = 0.363, 95% CI: 1.22–34.014). Food insecurity respondents had higher odds for stress (AOR = 1.562, 95% CI: 1.111, 2.192), anxiety (AOR = 3.046, 95% CI: 2.090, 4.441), and depression (AOR = 2.935, 95% CI: 2.074, 4.151). The higher institutions should identify students with food insecurity problems and future intervention programs need to be conducted to combat food insecurity among students, thus yielding benefits to their health and success.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/11/5627

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115627
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Food security; Food insecurity; University students; Academic performance; Stress; Anxiety; Depression
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2022 08:44
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2022 08:44
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/ijerph18115627
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/97372
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