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Effects of qigong on systolic and diastolic blood pressure lowering: a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis


Siew, Mooi Ching and Mokshashri, Naidu Ragubathi and Kannan, Maharajan Mari and Lee, Kai Wei and Sallahuddin, Nurin Amalina and Jun, Xun Ng and Wong, Jie Lin and Devaraj, Navin Kumar and Fan, Kee Hoo and Yee, Shen Loo and Veettil, Sajesh K. (2021) Effects of qigong on systolic and diastolic blood pressure lowering: a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 21. art. no. 8. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1472-6882


Background: The benefits of qigong for systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) reduction have been noted in previously published systematic reviews; however, the data on its effectiveness has been at best scarce. We aimed to update the evidence of qigong on blood pressure reduction after taking into consideration the risks of random error and reliability of data in the cumulative meta-analysis using trial sequential analysis (TSA). Methods: Included trials were assessed using Cochrane risk of bias instrument. We performed meta-analysis with random-effects model and random errors were evaluated with TSA. We performed the search for the eligible randomized controlled trial (RCT) through Medline, Cinahl, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and also PubMed. Results: A total of 370 subjects sourced from seven eligible RCTs were entered into the analysis. The pooled results demonstrated the significant reduction with the use of qigong of the systolic blood pressure [weighted mean difference (WMD), − 10.66 mmHg (95% confidence interval (CI) = − 17.69,-3.62, p < 0.001] and diastolic BP [WMD, − 6.76 mmHg, 95% CI = − 12.22, − 1.30, p < 0.001] as compared to the control group. Conclusions: Significant reductions in BP is seen with the use of qigong as compared with the control group, suggesting that qigong may be used as a complementary therapy in the somewhat complicated management of hypertension.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-03172-3
Publisher: BioMed Central
Keywords: Hypertension; Blood pressure; Qigong; Complementary therapies; Systematic review: Meta-analysis randomized controlled trials; Trial sequential analysis
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2022 04:51
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 04:51
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1186/s12906-020-03172-3
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/97005
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