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Advancement in graphene-based materials and their nacre inspired composites for armour applications—a review


Naveen, Jesuarockiam and Jawaid, Mohammad and Kheng, Lim Goh and Reddy, Degalhal Mallikarjuna and Muthukumar, Chandrasekar and Loganathan, Tamil Moli and Reshwanth, Koduri Naga Ganapathy Lakshmi (2021) Advancement in graphene-based materials and their nacre inspired composites for armour applications—a review. Nanomaterials, 11 (5). art. no. 1239. pp. 1-17. ISSN 2079-4991


The development of armour systems with higher ballistic resistance and light weight has gained considerable attention as an increasing number of countries are recognising the need to build up advanced self-defence system to deter potential military conflicts and threats. Graphene is a two dimensional one-atom thick nanomaterial which possesses excellent tensile strength (130 GPa) and specific penetration energy (10 times higher than steel). It is also lightweight, tough and stiff and is expected to replace the current aramid fibre-based polymer composites. Currently, insights derived from the study of the nacre (natural armour system) are finding applications on the development of artificial nacre structures using graphene-based materials that can achieve high toughness and energy dissipation. The aim of this review is to discuss the potential of graphene-based nanomaterials with regard to the penetration energy, toughness and ballistic limit for personal body armour applications. This review addresses the cutting-edge research in the ballistic performance of graphene-based materials through theoretical, experimentation as well as simulations. The influence of fabrication techniques and interfacial interactions of graphene-based bioinspired polymer composites for ballistic application are also discussed. This review also covers the artificial nacre which is shown to exhibit superior mechanical and toughness behaviours.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11051239
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Body armour; Graphene; Artificial nacre; Specific penetration energy; Toughness; Tensile strength
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2023 04:41
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2023 04:41
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/nano11051239
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/95726
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