UPM Institutional Repository

Tensile characterizations of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibres reinforced composites in various epoxy/fibre fractions


Faizi, Mohd Khairul and Abu Bakar, Shahriman and Abdul Majid, Mohd Shukry and Mohd Tamrin, Shamsul Bahri and Israr, Haris Ahmad and Abdul Rahman, Anas and Ng, Yee Guan and Mohd Razlan, Zuradzman and Kamis, Norzarul Asri and Wan Ahmad, Wan Khairunizam (2021) Tensile characterizations of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibres reinforced composites in various epoxy/fibre fractions. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 12 (5). 6148 - 6163. ISSN 2069-5837


Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) single fibers and reinforced composites were comprehensively characterized through tensile tests to assess their performance as potential reinforcing materials in polymer composites. The performances of OPEFB single fibers and reinforced composites with untreated and treated fibers conditions were compared. The fibers were variously treated with 3% sodium hydroxide, 2% silane, 3% sodium hydroxide mixed with 2% silane, and 3% sodium hydroxide prior to 2% silane for 2 hours soaking time. The highest toughness of the single fibers test was then selected to proceed with composites fabrication. The OPEFB composites were fabricated in 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, and 60:40 epoxy-fibre fractions. The result shows that the selected treated fiber composite exhibits better performance. The selected treated fiber composite increased the highest ultimate tensile strength by 145.3% for the 90:10 fraction. The highest Young’s Modulus was increased by about 166.7% for 70:30 fraction. Next, the highest toughness was increased by 389.5% for the 30:70 fraction. The treated fibers provided a better interlocking mechanism between the matrix and fibers in reinforced composites, thus improving their interfacial bonding.

Download File

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL or Download Paper: https://biointerfaceresearch.com/?page_id=9001

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.33263/BRIAC125.61486163
Publisher: Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry
Keywords: Natural fiber; Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers; Alkaline treatment; Tensile properties; Volume fraction
Depositing User: Ms. Che Wa Zakaria
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2023 07:31
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2023 07:31
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.33263/BRIAC125.61486163
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/95318
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item