UPM Institutional Repository

Overview of bioplastic introduction and its applications in product packaging


Ibrahim, Nor Izaida and Shahar, Farah Syazwani and Hameed Sultan, Mohamed Thariq and Md Shah, Ain Umaira and Safri, Syafiqah Nur Azrie and Mat Yazik, Muhamad Hasfanizam (2021) Overview of bioplastic introduction and its applications in product packaging. Coatings, 11 (11). art. no. 1423. pp. 1-23. ISSN 2079-6412


Each year, more than 330 million tons of plastic are produced worldwide. The main consumers of plastics are the packaging (40%), building (20%) and automotive (8%) industries, as well as for the manufacture of household appliances. The vast majority of industrial plastics are not biodegradable and, therefore, create environmental problems due to the increase in the amount of solid waste. Studies have been conducted to produce biodegradable materials such as bioplastics to overcome this environmental problem. Bioplastics are defined as materials that are bio-based, biodegradable, or both; they can provide excellent biodegradability and can be used to help alleviate environmental problems. Therefore, this article presents an overview of the introduction of bioplastic materials and classifications, and a comprehensive review of their drawbacks and areas of importance, including basic and applied research, as well as biopolymer mixtures and biocomposites developed in the last decade. At the same time, this article provides insights into the development of bioplastics research to meet the needs of many industries, especially in the packaging industry in Malaysia. This review paper also focuses generally on bioplastic packaging applications such as food and beverage, healthcare, cosmetics, etc.

Download File

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6412/11/11/1423/htm

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11111423
Publisher: MDPI AG
Keywords: Bioplastic; Plastic; Packaging; Biodegradable; Biocomposite
Depositing User: Mas Norain Hashim
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 02:37
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 02:37
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/coatings11111423
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/94488
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item