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Morphological characterization and nutrient assessment of wild pepper, Piper umbellatum L. (Piperaceae) grown in Sarawak, Malaysia


Saupi, Noorasmah and Lepun, Philip and Alan, Ribka and Zakaria, Muta Harah and Saidin, Ainul Asyira and Yusli, Nurul Aisyah (2021) Morphological characterization and nutrient assessment of wild pepper, Piper umbellatum L. (Piperaceae) grown in Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Phytology, 13. 55 - 63. ISSN 2075-6240


Wild pepper, Piper umbellatum L. is traditionally consumed as a leafy vegetable by the indigenous Kenyah tribesmen of Belaga, Sarawak, Malaysia. The shoots are normally harvested from secondary forest floors. The present study was carried out to determine the morphological and nutritional characteristics of P. umbellatum, i.e., proximate, mineral, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), vitamin C, and anti-nutrients, i.e., oxalate and phytate. The results showed that P. umbellatum possesses an ovate, alternate, entire and non-glandular trichome on its leaf surface. The inflorescence comprises an oblongoid spike attached to a peduncle and the ripened berries were orange and red in color. The results also revealed that the leaves of P. umbellatum had a high moisture content (63.27%), other recorded nutrient values were ash (8.62%), crude fiber (19.32%), K (1280.20 mg/100 g), Ca (570.60 mg/100 g), Mg (323.80 mg/100 g) and P (291.14 mg/100 g), TPC (510.63 mg/100 g), TFC (377.82 mg/100 g) and phytate (411.67 mg/100 g). Thus the consumption of the P. umbellatum as a leafy vegetable supplies a good dose of various essential nutrients.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agricultural Science and Forestry
Institut Ekosains Borneo
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.25081/jp.2021.v13.6995
Publisher: Update Publishing House
Keywords: Piper umbellatum L.; Indigenous leafy vegetable; Nutrients; Morphology
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 08 May 2023 04:25
Last Modified: 08 May 2023 04:25
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.25081/jp.2021.v13.6995
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/94269
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