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Microbial degradation of polylactic acid bioplastic


Ahmad Kamarudin, Nor Hafizah and Muhd Noor, Noor Dina and Raja Abd Rahman, Raja Noor Zaliha (2021) Microbial degradation of polylactic acid bioplastic. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 16 (7). 299 - 317. ISSN 1823-8556; ESSN: 2672-7226


In modern urban society, plastic has become a major component in many applications. Despite their usefulness, plastics are known for their alarming resistance to biodegradation and therefore pose a huge burden on the environment. The surge in plastic waste has led to the development of biodegradable plastics. Biodegradable plastics are perceived to be one of the sustainable ways to reduce plastic wastes. Among the biodegradable plastics, polylactic acid (PLA), a bio-based plastic, has been widely used for diverse applications. PLA however, is known to be less susceptible to biodegradation and requires longer time to degrade in the natural environment compared to other aliphatic polyesters. Therefore, identification of PLA-degraders is the current focus of research. Potential PLA-degraders have been isolated from various sources, but the number is still limited. Considering temperature as one of the important factors in biodegradation, in this review, we categorize PLA degraders into three groups; thermophilic, mesophilic and psychrophilic, and discuss their relevance to PLA biodegradation. Enzymes associated with PLA degradation are described according to their temperature preference. One of the current limitations is the structural insights into the catalytic mechanism. Discovery of more PLA-degraders and understanding of the mechanism could aid in designing strategies to accelerate the biodegradation process.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Centre of Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2021.10.021
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
Keywords: Biodegradable plastics; Sustainability; Polylactic acid; Biodegradation; PLA degraders
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 09 May 2023 02:53
Last Modified: 09 May 2023 02:53
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.46754/jssm.2021.10.021
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/94178
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