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Food waste treatment methods and its effects on the growth quality of plants: a review


Arumugam, Veknesh and Ismail, Muhammad Heikal and Puspadaran, Tharsini Amma and Routray, Winny and Ngadisih, Ngadisih and Karyadi, Joko Nugroho Wahyu and Suwignyo, Bambang and Suryatmojo, Hatma (2022) Food waste treatment methods and its effects on the growth quality of plants: a review. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 45 (1). pp. 75-101. ISSN 1511-3701; ESSN: 2231-8542


Food waste and leftovers were common materials that were currently used as biocompost or soil conditioners upon decomposition. Food waste was a source of food that has declined nutritional value and is not deemed favorable for human consumption. Leftovers were defined as uneaten edible remains of a meal. Biodegradation of these components contributes to many macronutrients, including carbon (C), hydrogen (H), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in the compost, which makes it a suitable growing condition for plants. In this study, the main sources of research data were one hundred thirty-one scientific articles relating to food waste treatment methods and the growth quality of plants over the last few years. This review was the consensus of the role and characteristics of food waste and leftovers as fertilizers. Moreover, the paper briefly discusses the different composting methods for these materials and their corresponding effects on the growth quality of plants.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjtas.45.1.05
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Composting; Food waste; Food waste treatment; Leftovers; Plant growth
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 27 May 2022 08:37
Last Modified: 27 May 2022 08:37
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.47836/pjtas.45.1.05
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/92538
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