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Composition of flies at the poultry farm, Hulu Langat, Selangor


Mohd Radzi, Ainie Haslinda (2016) Composition of flies at the poultry farm, Hulu Langat, Selangor. [Project Paper Report]


A survey of flies was conducted at a poultry farm in Hulu Langat, Selangor. A total of 2,038 fly specimens were collected which comprised of member of Calliphoridae (296.5±40.7), Muscidae (27±10.2) and Sarcophagidae (16.2±6.1). Mean number of flies captured in the morning session was 130±52.6 while a lower mean number of flies was recorded (96.3±46.1) in the afternoon session. Calliphoridae flies recorded the highest catch in both morning (323±69) and afternoon session (270±52.9), followed by Muscidae (44.7±10.8 and 9.3±2.2) and Sarcophagidae (22.3±14.2 and 9.7±4.9). The population of flies did not show significant different between the sampling times except for Muscidae flies. Flies from the three families were found abundant in the vacant area than the dumping area and feeding area. However, the mean number of flies from the three families recorded in these sampling areas did not show significant difference. Three sampling methods were used for sampling, the net bottle bait trap captured the highest number of specimens, followed by handpicking method and aquarium method. The net bottle bait trap could trap 4 times and 1 time more Calliphoridae than the handpicking and aquarium methods. This method also trapped 4 times and 30 times more Muscidae and Sarcophagidae than other methods. A detail study was carried out on the Calliphoridae flies. This family comprised of Chrysomya megacephala, Chrysomya rufifacies and Lucilia cuprina which were confirmed by morphological and COII gene identification. These species had scored 100% bootstrap percentage value when compared to other reference species in the GenBank. Among the Calliphoridae species, C. megacephala was abundant (79.2±12.4) in the poultry farm, followed by Chrysomya rufifacies (15.3±3.1) and Lucilia cuprina (5.8±1.1). It also scored the highest mean number of specimen captured in both morning and afternoon sessions at different sampling areas using different sampling methods. Chrysomya rufifacies became the second abundant fly and L. cuprina became the least abundant fly recorded in all parameters tested. No significant different was found among the Calliphoridae flies when sampling at different sampling times at different sampling areas. The net bottle bait trap was the best sampling method to capture Calliphoridae species. Calliphoridae, Muscidae and Sarcophagidae are reported to transmit diseases to domesticated animals and human. Control measure should be taken as these flies were found easily in the poultry farm.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Project Paper Report
Call Number: FP 2016 18
Chairman Supervisor: Dr. Lau Wei Hong
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 01:06
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2021 01:06
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/91521
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