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Preoperative serum CA 125 is associated with myometrial and cervical invasion in endometrial carcinoma


Abu Bakar, Nur Aini and Osman, Malina and Hussin, Huzlinda (2020) Preoperative serum CA 125 is associated with myometrial and cervical invasion in endometrial carcinoma. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 16 (suppl. 9). pp. 75-81. ISSN 1675-8544; ESSN: 2636-9346


Introduction: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynaecological malignancy in developed countries and the sixth most common cancer among women worldwide. Cancer staging is vital in treatment decisions and the prediction of prognoses, and is based on imaging studies, histological results and surgery. Therefore, a simple and fast preoperative tool to predict the precise cancer stage of patients is needed. CA 125, a cancer antigen, is used in assessing therapeutic response and cancer surveillance in endometrial carcinoma. However, this tumour marker is not routinely performed in the mentioned circumstances. Studies have shown that preoperative CA 125 was significantly high in patients in a higher stage of endometrial cancer. Thus, this study aims to assess the primary role of CA 125 in predicting the stage of endometrial carcinoma, by correlating preoperative serum CA 125 with clinicopathological parameters. Method: The retrospective data of endometrial carcinoma cases consisting of demographic and clinicopathological parameters as well as preoperative serum CA 125 levels were retrieved from Laboratories Information System (LIS) at Hospital Selayang, Selangor, Malaysia, from January 2000 until June 2016. Only 20 cases fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Preoperative serum CA 125 was correlated with demographic and clinicopathological parameters, and was analysed using a Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: There was a significant association between elevated serum CA 125 with myometrial and cervical stroma invasion in endometrial carcinoma (p<0.05 )Conclusion: Preoperative serum CA 125 is a useful marker in predicting early stages of endometrial carcinoma, and plays a role in pre-operative cancer staging in endometrial carcinoma.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: CA 125 Antigen; Endometrial carcinoma; Endometrium cancer; Cancer staging; Neoplasm invasiveness
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 22:45
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 22:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/90193
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