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Investigation of room temperature protonic conduction of perovskite humidity sensors


Farahani, Hamid and Wagiran, Rahman and Urban, Gerald A. (2020) Investigation of room temperature protonic conduction of perovskite humidity sensors. IEEE Sensors Journal, 21 (8). pp. 9657-9666. ISSN 1530-437X; ESSN: 1558-1748


This paper shows a correlation between surface effective porosity due to various sintering regimes and humidity sensitive electrical properties of the perovskite-based bulk type humidity sensors, at room temperature. Furthermore, room temperature humidity transduction mechanism of the thick film type humidity sensors was studied in detail through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and major transmissive components were detected by the fitting of the Bode diagrams and Nyquist complexes to the equivalent circuits. The microstructural, morphological and elemental characterizations were carried on using XRD, EFTEM, FESEM, and EDX. Physical properties including open porosity/bulk density were investigated through American Standard Test Method (ASTM). An innovative self-designed material test fixture with ceramic supports was fabricated for a high S/N ratio electrical measurement of the bulk samples. All the sensors were set up at 20-95% RH. The morphological, physical, and electrical results of the bulk pellets indicate a direct correlation of the open cavities and AC conduction. The higher the open porosity is, the greater is the conduction and vice versa. Presence of the ionic transport is clearly observed from the frequency-conductance spectra at room temperature. Noise-free detected behavior via EIS proves that the proton transfer mechanism is a dominant responsible, and executed by both charge transfer resistance and kinetically controlled charge transfer (diffusive species) at low and middle to high RH. Next to the Warburg effect (at 80% RH), for the first time, a Gerischer impedance was found as a dominant agent of transduction at 85% RH to above.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9142238

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2020.3009873
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords: Gerischer element; Humidity sensitive; Ionic diffusion; Nanocomposite; Perovskite; Thick film; Warburg
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 02:57
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 02:57
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1109/JSEN.2020.3009873
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/89450
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