UPM Institutional Repository

Impacts of PM2.5 on respiratory system among traffic policemen


Mohamad Jamil, Putri Anis Syahira and Karuppiah, Karmegam and Mohammad Yusof, Nur Athirah Diyana and Rasdi, Irniza and Md Tamrin, Shamsul Bahri and How, Vivien and H., Nurul Maizura and S., Sivasankar (2020) Impacts of PM2.5 on respiratory system among traffic policemen. WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 66 (1). 25 - 29. ISSN 1051-9815; ESSN: 1875-9270


Background: Malaysian traffic policemen are constantly exposed to unhealthy air in the outdoor environment, which results in various health problems. This study investigates the relationship of the personal exposure level to PM2.5 and lung functions in traffic policemen in Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru. Methods: A pulmonary function test using a spirometer was carried out to measure the lung function of the traffic policemen. The personal exposure level to PM2.5 was measured using a pump with a PVC filter and 5.0μm pore size. A questionnaire requesting the background data, such as age, height, and weight, was also used for testing lung function abnormalities. Results: The PM2.5 personal exposure level was found to be significantly related to lung function (predicted FEV1 and predicted FVC) at p-value < 0.05. Conclusions: Traffic policemen are mainly exposed to physical hazards from traffic pollutants emitted by vehicles, such as fine particles and particulate matter. The findings of this study indicate that there is a trend of lung function deterioration among traffic policemen. These baseline data can serve as a reference for the top management of traffic police to aid in the development of occupational safety and health guidelines for police officers, as the traffic police are not covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA, Act 514 1994).

Download File

[img] Text (Abstract)

Download (73kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203147
Publisher: IOS Press
Keywords: Spirometer; Lung function; Occupational health; Respiratory health
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 08:09
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 08:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3233/WOR-203147
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/89306
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item