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Impact of tetrabutylammonium, iodide and triiodide ions conductivity in polyacrylonitrile based electrolyte on DSSC performance


Citation

Chowdhury, Faisal I. and Buraidah, M. H. and Arof, A. K. and MelIander, B. E. and Mohd Noor, Ikhwan Syafiq (2020) Impact of tetrabutylammonium, iodide and triiodide ions conductivity in polyacrylonitrile based electrolyte on DSSC performance. Solar Energy, 196. 379 - 388. ISSN 0038-092X

Abstract

Gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) with polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based polymer, ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) plasticizers, and different amounts of tetrabutylammonium iodide (TBAI) salt and iodine (I2) have been prepared and used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The maximum room temperature conductivity of 5.14 mS cm−1 is obtained for electrolyte with a composition of 8 wt% PAN-30 wt% EC-30 wt% PC-30 wt% TBAI-2 wt% I2 (S3 electrolyte) which influenced by the highest charge carrier density of 7.93 × 1020 cm−3 estimated from fitting the impedance Nyquist plot. The DSSC fabricated with S3 electrolyte revealed the highest power conversion efficiency of 3.45% with open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 582 mV and short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 12.9 mA cm−2. The incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency of the DSSC with highest efficiency is 54.01%. The electrical impedance spectroscopy of the same cell shows the lowest series resistance indicating the superiority of electrolyte charge transport characteristics in DSSC. In addition, electron transfer time constant and electron recombination time , charge collection efficiency , electron diffusion coefficient and diffusion length of DSSC fabricated with GPEs prepared have been estimated by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy and intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy techniques. The DSSC with highest efficiency shows lowest of 34.46 ms and highest of 90.41 ms due to the huge amount of TBA+ ions that covered the surface area of mesoporous TiO2. The of 0.62, D of 4.00 × 10−5 cm2 s−1 and of 19.02 μm further support the photovoltaic efficiency of DSSC.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science Program
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.12.033
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Dye-sensitized solar cells; Electrical transport properties; Electron recombination time; Electron transfer time constant; Diffusion length
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 08:03
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 08:03
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.solener.2019.12.033
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/89303
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