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How do personality factors associate with prosocial behavior? the mediating role of empathy


Abdullah, Alsalman Arwa and Hamsan, Hanina Halimatusaadiah and Ma'rof, Aini Azeqa (2020) How do personality factors associate with prosocial behavior? the mediating role of empathy. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10 (16). 206 - 219. ISSN 2222-6990


This research aims to examine the relationships between empathy, prosocial behaviour, and personality factors among Saudi undergraduate students. In total, 394 Saudi undergraduates participated in the study, which employed the prosocial behaviour scale (PBC), international personality item pool (IPIP), and Toronto empathy questionnaire (TEQ). The Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the associations between the research variables, while process macro analysis used to examine whether empathy mediates the association between agreeableness and prosocial behaviour. The research findings indicate that personality factors are related to empathy. Saudi undergraduates who show higher degrees of empathy would also show high degrees of prosocial behaviours. In addition, personality factors were similarly associated with prosocial behaviour. The results also show that empathy mediates the relationship between prosocial behaviour and agreeableness. The results of this study expand the existing literature review on prosocial behaviour by explaining how personality factors influence prosocial behaviour through the mediation role of empathy.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
Institute for Social Science Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v10-i16/8303
Publisher: Human Resource Management Academic Research Society
Keywords: Prosocial behavior; Personality factors; Empathy; Undergraduates
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 21:58
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 21:58
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.6007/IJARBSS/v10-i16/8303
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/89209
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