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Formulation, characterization and biological activity screening of sodium alginate-gum Arabic nanoparticles loaded with curcumin


Hassani, Abdelkader and Syed Mahmood and Enezei, Hamid Hammad and Hussain, Siti Aslina and Hamad Ali, Ali and Aldoghachi, Ahmed Faris and Hagar, Abdullah and Doolaanea, Abd Almonem and Ibrahim, Wisam Nabeel (2020) Formulation, characterization and biological activity screening of sodium alginate-gum Arabic nanoparticles loaded with curcumin. Molecules, 25 (9). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1420-3049


The approach of drug delivery systems emphasizes the use of nanoparticles as a vehicle, offering the optional property of delivering drugs as a single dose rather than in multiple doses. The current study aims to improve antioxidant and drug release properties of curcumin loaded gum Arabic-sodium alginate nanoparticles (Cur/ALG-GANPs). The Cur/ALG-GANPs were prepared using the ionotropic gelation technique and further subjected to physico-chemical characterization using attenuated total reflectance–Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), size distribution, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The size of Cur/ALG-GANPs ranged between 10 ± 0.3 nm and 190 ± 0.1 nm and the zeta potential was –15 ± 0.2 mV. The antioxidant study of Cur/ALG-GANPs exhibited effective radical scavenging capacity for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) at concentrations that ranged between 30 and 500µg/mL. Cytotoxicity was performed using MTT assay to measure their potential in inhibiting the cell growth and the result demonstrated a significant anticancer activity of Cur/ALG-GANPs against human liver cancer cells (HepG2) than in colon cancer (HT29), lung cancer (A549) and breast cancer (MCF7) cells. Thus, this study indicates that Cur/ALG-GANPs have promising anticancer properties that might aid in future cancer therapy.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/25/9/2244

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25092244
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Curcumin; Gum Arabic; Sodium alginate; Nanoparticles; Cytotoxicity
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 05:25
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 01:30
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/molecules25092244
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/89059
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