UPM Institutional Repository

Effectiveness of community health workers involvement in smoking cessation programme: a systematic review


Zulkiply, Siti Hafizah and Ramli, Lina Farhana and Mohamad Fisal, Zul Aizat and Tabassum, Bushra and Abdul Manaf, Rosliza (2020) Effectiveness of community health workers involvement in smoking cessation programme: a systematic review. PLoS One, 15 (11). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203


Background: Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) has set the target to reduce premature mortalities from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by one-third. One of the ways to achieve this is through strengthening the countries’ implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). Community health workers (CHWs) involvement has shown promising results in the prevention of NCDs. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating the available evidence on the effectiveness of involving CHWs in smoking cessation. Materials and methods: We systemically searched PubMed and CENTRAL up to September 2019. We searched for published interventional studies on smoking cessation interventions using the usual care that complemented with CHWs as compared to the usual or standard care alone. Our primary outcome was abstinence of smoking. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed study risks of bias. Result: We identified 2794 articles, of which only five studies were included. A total of 3513 smokers with 41 CHWs were included in the studies. The intervention duration range from 6 weeks to 30 months. The studies used behavioral intervention or a combination of behavioral intervention and pharmacological treatment. Overall, the smoking cessation intervention that incorporated involvement of CHWs had higher smoking cessation rates [OR 1.95, 95% CI (1.35, 2.83)]. Significant smoking cessation rates were seen in two studies. Conclusion: Higher smoking cessation rates were seen in the interventions that combined the usual care with interventions by CHWs as compared to the usual care alone. However, there were insufficient studies to prove the effectiveness. In addition, there was high heterogeneity in terms of interventions and participants in the current studies.

Download File

[img] Text
Effectiveness of community .pdf

Download (86kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242691
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Keywords: Smoking; Tobacco; Non-communicable diseases; Cardiovascular
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2021 06:38
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2021 06:38
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1371/journal.pone.0242691
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88672
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item