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Closed-loop temperature control during microwave freeze-drying of carrot slices


Sujinda, Narathip and Varith, Jaturapatr and Jaturonglumlert, Somkiat and Shamsudin, Rosnah (2020) Closed-loop temperature control during microwave freeze-drying of carrot slices. Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology, 14 (1). 81 - 92. ISSN 1905-7873


Temperature variations during microwave freeze-drying (MFD) of carrot slices and how closed-loop temperature control (CLT) improved such variations were investigated. The carrot slices were dried to a final moisture content of 6% with a terminal temperature of 40oC using 100-watt microwave power under 100-Pa vacuum pressure. The results showed that the MFD process consisted of two phases, viz. sublimation and desorption drying. In the sublimation drying phase, ice, due to its low dielectric permittivity, absorbed little microwave energy. This caused a slow rising of temperature of carrot slices at the early stage of drying. After the moisture decreased below 45%, the sample temperature increased sharply until it reached the temperature of the chamber, indicating the onset of desorption drying phase. In this phase, the sample temperature rose faster than that in the sublimation phase. Without CLT, the temperature of carrot slices varied by 25oC in the desorption drying phase of MFD. After applying CLT to the MFD process, the variation in temperature of the carrot slices was reduced to 11oC, equivalent to a temperature control improvement of 56%. The MFD with CLT system also significantly reduced the drying time and energy consumption by 35-40%.

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Official URL or Download Paper: http://www.mijst.mju.ac.th/Vol14/index.htm

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Maejo University
Keywords: Carrot slices; Microwave freeze-drying; Sublimation; Desorption; Closed-loop temperature control
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 18 May 2022 03:21
Last Modified: 18 May 2022 03:21
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88178
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