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Bariatric surgery as a long-term treatment for type 2 diabetes/metabolic syndrome


Nor Hanipah, Zubaidah and Schauer, Philip R. (2020) Bariatric surgery as a long-term treatment for type 2 diabetes/metabolic syndrome. Annual Review of Medicine, 71. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0066-4219; ESSN: 1545-326X


Metabolic surgery is increasingly becoming recognized as a more effective treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity as compared to lifestyle modification and medical management alone. Both observational studies and clinical trials have shown metabolic surgery to result in sustained weight loss (20-30%), T2D remission rates ranging from 23% to 60%, and improvement in cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. Metabolic surgery is cost-effective and relatively safe, with perioperative risks and mortality comparable to low-risk procedures such as cholecystectomy, hysterectomy, and appendectomy. International diabetes and medical organizations have endorsed metabolic surgery as a standard treatment for T2D with obesity.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-053117-123246
Publisher: Annual Reviews
Keywords: Metabolic surgery; Bariatric surgery; Type 2 diabetes; Cardiovascular risk factor; Weight loss; Diabetes remission
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 04:37
Last Modified: 24 May 2022 04:37
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1146/annurev-med-053117-123246
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88008
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