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A study on influence of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) on green gram (Vigna radiata L.) and earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae L.)


Samrot, Anthony V. and C., SaiPriya and A., Jenifer Selvarani and R., Venket Subbu and P. J., Jane Cypriyana and Y., Lavanya and R., Shehanaz Afreen and P., Soundarya and R. B., Sherly Priyanka and P., Sangeetha and Varghese, Reji Joseph and S., Suresh Kumar (2020) A study on influence of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) on green gram (Vigna radiata L.) and earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae L.). Materials Research Express, 7. art. no. 055002. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2053-1591


Nanoparticles usage are now emerging as hazardous nanopollutants due to inappropriate usage and improper disposal. Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles(SPIONs)is a widely used nanoparticle with various applications. In this study, SPIONs was evaluated for its impact against Vigna radiata and Eudrilus eugeniae. SPIONs were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method in presence of cobalt chloride. The produced SPIONs was characterized using UV-Visible Spectroscopy, SEM (Scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray diffraction), TEM (Transmission electron microscopy), AFM (Atomic force microscopy), XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and Zeta potential. The synthesized SPIONs were crystalline and monodispersed with size ranging between 15 nm and 20 nm. The seedlings of SPIONs treated Vigna radiatawere found to have reduced root and shoot growth. The bioaccumulation of iron oxide in the treated plants was confirmed by ICP-OES (Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry) analysis and Prussian blue staining. Cellular destruction and reduced reproduction rate were found in SPIONs exposed Eudrilus eugeniae and ICP-OES analysis of earthworm samples affirmed the bioaccumulation of SPIONs.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/ab8b17
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Keywords: SPIONs; Bioaccumulation; Toxicity; ICP-OES
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2022 03:08
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2022 03:08
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1088/2053-1591/ab8b17
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/87720
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