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Selenium biofortification of green spinach with optimum phosphorus fertilization and selenium application timing


Nayan, Dayang Safinah and Zainol, Rozlaily and Abdul Sukor, Arina Shairah and Mohammad Yusoff, Martini and Ishak, Che Fauziah (2020) Selenium biofortification of green spinach with optimum phosphorus fertilization and selenium application timing. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment (AGE), 3 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2639-6696


A selenium (Se) biofortification program for vegetables has never been attempted in Malaysia. This study was performed to determine the optimum Se fertilization rates for high yield and Se uptake by green spinach (Amaranthus spp.) through a glasshouse experiment and to evaluate the effect of Se application timing on dry matter, growth, and Se accumulation in green spinach through field experiments. Glasshouse experiment conducted with factorial randomized complete block design showed that applying P fertilizer as recommended for green spinach increased yield and Se uptake by the leaves and stems of green spinach. Selenium application in the form of Se(IV) solution at 120 g ha–1 to sandy clay soil was determined to be the optimum application rate, as higher rates reduced plant yield and decreased Se uptake by green spinach. Three cycles of field experiments showed that a single application of 120 g ha–1 Se at 14 d after planting (DAP) produced the optimum results in terms of green spinach growth and dry matter. Although the highest Se accumulation in leaves was observed when Se was applied at 7 DAP (26.04–29.20 μg 10 plants–1), its detrimental effect on yield caused it to be considered an inappropriate time of application. Therefore, with optimum Se accumulation in leaves (21.16–22.38 μg 10 plants–1) and stems (5.89–5.98 μg 10 plants–1), application of Se as Se(IV) solution at 14 DAP at a rate of 120 g ha–1 has been identified as an effective Se fertilization management strategy for producing Se-biofortified green spinach.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/agg2.20089
Publisher: Wiley
Keywords: selenium(Se); Biofortificatio; Glasshouse experiment
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2022 03:20
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 03:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1002/agg2.20089
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/87553
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