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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in stray dogs from various locations in West and East Malaysia


Watanabe, Malaika and Sadiq, Mohammed Babatunde and Abdul Mulop, Nazrul Iqbal and Mohammed, Konto and Megat Abdul Rani, Puteri Azaziah and Fong, Lau Seng and Ab. Aziz, Nor Azlina and Kamaludeen, Juriah and Ramanoon, Siti Zubaidah and Mansor, Rozaihan and Tan, Li Ping and Syed Hussain, Sharifah Salmah (2020) Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in stray dogs from various locations in West and East Malaysia. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 58 (5). 487 - 492. ISSN 0023-4001; ESSN: 1738-0006


Toxoplasmosis is caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite; Toxoplasma gondii, which is one of the most important zoonotic parasite worldwide. In dogs, the sexual reproductive cycle of T. gondii is lacking, and the animals are not widely consumed as food, but they are vital in the mechanical transmission of the parasite. However, there is no present data on the exposure of stray dogs to T. gondii in Malaysia. The objective of this serological survey was to determine the prevalence of T. gondii antibodies (IgG) and associated factors in stray dogs in East and West Malaysia. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in serum samples from 222 stray dogs from 6 different states in East and West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia) using an Indirect ELISA. The seroprevalence for T. gondii was 23.4% (Confidence interval: CI 17.8–29.2%). Stray dogs from Selangor and Kuala Lumpur had the highest seroprevalence (32.4%; CI 13.2–45.5%) and lowest in those from Penang and Kedah (12.5%; CI 1.3–23.5%). Gender and breed were not associated with T. gondii seropositivity. However, adult dogs were more likely to be seropositive for T. gondii (OR=2.89; CI 1.1–7.7) compared with younger dogs. These results revealed that T. gondii is prevalent in stray dogs in the studied areas in Malaysia, and indicative of the level of environmental contamination of this parasite especially in urban areas.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2020.58.5.487
Publisher: The Korean Society for Parasitology and Tropical Medicine
Keywords: T. gondii; Stray dog; Prevalence; ELISA; Malaysia
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 08:49
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2022 08:49
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3347/kjp.2020.58.5.487
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/87286
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