UPM Institutional Repository

Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches value chain in Peninsular Malaysia


Rubinsin, Nowilin James and Wan Daud, Wan Ramli and Kamarudin, Siti Kartom and Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin and Rosli, Masli Irwan and Samsatli, Sheila and Tapia, John Frederick and Wan Ab. Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina and Lim, Kean Long (2020) Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches value chain in Peninsular Malaysia. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 119. 179 - 194. ISSN 0960-3085; ESSN: 1744-3571


Empty fruit bunches (EFB) are valuable palm oil mill waste that could be used to produce multiple products in the form of energy, chemicals, and materials. Therefore, efficient utilization of these biomass resources is essential to optimize the profitability of the industry while addressing environmental issues. In this study, a decision-support tool is developed to perform economic and environmental analyses of the future expansion of the palm oil industry. The sequential steps in the modeling and optimization of the EFB value chain are discussed. This study consists of four processing stages: converting EFB into intermediates and products, transportation networks, direct sale of products, and further processing of products. The proposed tool includes a mathematical model that considers biomass, production, transportation, and emission treatment costs from transportation and production activities. The model is solved with the Advanced Interactive Multidimensional Modeling System to determine the maximum profit and analyze biodiesel production. Peninsular Malaysia is selected as a case study. Results reveal the significant economic benefits of EFB utilization. The most profitable cases of EFB utilization are Case A, C, and D, which have the same 47 % profit margin. The maximum profit of the selected utilization pathways in Case A is USD 151,822,904 per year based on different ownerships of all EFB processed, which is 79 % lower than the result of a previous study that ignores the capacity limitations of the respective processing facilities. The environment–food–energy–water nexus is also elaborated in this study. The conclusions are obtained based on the limitation, availability, and parameters or data used in this study.

Download File

[img] Text
Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches.pdf

Download (112kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbp.2019.11.006
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Optimization; Empty fruit bunch; Biomass value chain; Nexus
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2022 08:28
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2022 08:28
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.fbp.2019.11.006
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/87008
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item