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Observation on predatory behaviour of captive Malayan tigers over the effect of illumination


Norazhwan, Shera Syazwani and Che' Amat, Azlan and Tengku Azizan, Tengku Rinalfi Putra and Kamarudin, Zubaidah and Hassan, Hasdi and Abu Hassim, Hasliza and Ahmad, Hafandi (2020) Observation on predatory behaviour of captive Malayan tigers over the effect of illumination. Journal of Wildlife & Parks, 35. pp. 17-26. ISSN 0121-8126


Tigers in a natural life are nocturnal and preys during the dark. This study was performed to observe the effect of illumination on predatory behaviour of captive tigers. Furthermore, it was also to compare the agility of different individual, gender and age in catching their prey. The subjects were four captive tigers (N=4) in National Wildlife Rescue Centre (NWRC), Sungkai, Perak comprising of two males and two females Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni and Panthera tigris ssp.) of different ages. This study was conducted at night for a dark setting while spotlights were used to provide illumination in each animal enclosure. Average time to reach for prey was faster without spotlight compared to with spotlight at 21.44 ± 4.70 minutes and 41.75 ± 5.23 minutes respectively (P<0.05). Individual variability in time response was obviously faster in dark setting, however it was only statistically significant in one wild-caught adult female tiger compared to all the other three tigers. Time response among gender and genetic trait (purebred or hybrid) of Malayan tigers were not significant, while age factor showed old-aged tiger has a significantly slower response in dark settings as compared to an average adult aged tiger at 41.75 ± 13.98 minutes and 14.67 ± 2.39 minutes respectively. In conclusion, research in captive settings showed the agility of the tiger approaching the preys were more rapid in dark settings, simulating a better night vision. Individual variability in the time response needs further investigation and these findings should be considered in designing feeding management in a captive setting to enrich and stimulate normal predatory behaviour.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security
Publisher: Department of Wildlife and National Parks
Keywords: Malayan tiger; Panthera tigris jacksoni; VIsion sensitivity; Agility; Night vision; Behavior; Nocturnal
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2022 04:37
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2022 04:37
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/86948
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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