UPM Institutional Repository

Preparation and characterization of cornhusk/sugar palm fiber reinforced cornstarch-based hybrid composites


Ibrahim, Mohamed Ibrahim J. and Salit, Mohd Sapuan and Zainudin, Edi Syams and Mohamed Yusoff, Mohd Zuhri (2020) Preparation and characterization of cornhusk/sugar palm fiber reinforced cornstarch-based hybrid composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9 (1). 200 - 211. ISSN 2238-7854


In the current study, a series of hybrid composite films were prepared from cornhusk fiber (CHF) and sugar palm fiber (SPF) through a solution casting technique, using cornstarch (CS) as matrix and fructose as a plasticizer. SPF at 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8% (w/w dry starch) concentrations was loaded into CS/CH composites with 8% CHF and 25% fructose. The physical, morphological, thermal, tensile, and barrier characteristics of the final product were evaluated. From the findings, there was a marked decrease in density, moisture content, solubility, and water absorption of the hybrid films. SEM images exhibited a strong interfacial interaction and good biocompatibility between polymer matrix and reinforcement fiber, which reflected on the enhanced tensile strength and Young’s modulus as well as the relative crystallinity. The thermostability of hybrid films has also been enhanced, as indicated by the increased onset degradation temperature. Fourier transform infrared analysis revealed an increase in intermolecular hydrogen bonding following fiber loading. As well as the water barrier assessment showed greater resistance to vapor transmission, evidenced by the lower water vapor permeability rate following SPF loading. To sum up, the hybridization of CS/CH composites with SPF, in general, has improved the performance of the biocomposites for biomaterials applications, especially for 6% of SPF loading.

Download File

[img] Text
Preparation and characterization of cornhusk.pdf

Download (110kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.10.045
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Cornstarch matrix; Cornhusk; Sugar palm; Hybrid composite; Characterization
Depositing User: Mohamad Jefri Mohamed Fauzi
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 11:22
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2022 11:22
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.10.045
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/86663
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item