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Polyol esters as thinner and biolubricant additive for synthetic-based drilling fluid


Kania, Dina (2019) Polyol esters as thinner and biolubricant additive for synthetic-based drilling fluid. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Drilling fluids are designed to clean the well, cool and lubricate the drilling tools, and maintain the stability of the wellbore. Recently, there is a demand to increase the lubricity of synthetic-based drilling mud (SBM) to prolong the life of drill strings, but the availability of lubricants for SBM is still very limited. There is also limited chemical thinners available in the market for SBM. Non-ionic polyol esters have not been applied in SBM despite their potential in lubricating and viscosity thinning purposes. The knowledge of the impact of polyol esters on SBM is important to study thoroughly prior to application in drilling fluids. Therefore, the performance of palm oil-based polyol esters as multifunctional non-ionic thinners and lubricity enhancers in SBM was investigated in this study through experimental and computational molecular approach. Three types of polyol esters, namely pentaerythritol ester (PEE), trimethylolpropane ester (TMPE), and neopentyl glycol ester (NPGE), were selected for the analysis. Tribological investigation showed that polyol esters significantly reduced the coefficient of friction (COF) of SBM by 22% at a concentration of 1% due to adsorption of polar molecules of polyol ester on the metal surfaces (boundary lubrication). However, only PEE and TMPE reduced the scar diameter by 30% at a concentration of 3% due to triester and tetraester content. The presence of polyol ester was observed on mud cake as an increase in carbon content from 25.68% to 40.92%, resulting in a more compact mud cake and filtrate reduction by 45.5%. This can contribute to a more lubricious mud cake. Rheological evaluation showed that polyol esters exhibited a substantial reduction of rheology, particularly yield point, after a simulated drilling temperature of 275°F for 16 hr. Non-ionic polyol esters worked by separating and encapsulating the organoclay in the mud, causing the steric repulsion and stabilization of the organoclay. PEE produced the most controllable rheology: at concentrations of 1, 2, 3% PEE reduced the yield point by 20, 26, and 58%, respectively. From rheology model fitting, it was found that the rheology of SBM with polyol ester were best described by Herschel-Bulkley model. Full factorial design experiment was used to investigate the contribution of significant mud parameters toward effective rheology. It was found that the interaction of the secondary emulsifier and polyol ester was statistically significant negative on the yield point. The optimum operating conditions were at 275°F hot rolling, secondary emulsifier amount 4 lb/bbl, clay amount 6 lb/bbl, and polyol ester (PEE) amount 1.65%, to obtain 13 lb/100ft² of yield point. The interactions of non-ionic polyol esters with organophilic clay surfaces were further explained theoretically by molecular structure calculations and Monte Carlo simulation. The hydrophobic interactions drove the polyol ester chains to self-assemble spontaneously. Four ester chains of PEE would result in larger aggregates than the two-chain and three-chain of NPGE and TMPE. Overall, mud containing PEE gave the most controllable viscosity and best protection on the metal surface against applied load and high solids. The application of PEE could have the potential to improve mud rheology and lubricity of SBM.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subject: Phorbol esters
Subject: Lubrication and lubricant
Call Number: FK 2019 117
Chairman Supervisor: Prof Robiah binti Yunus, PhD
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 06:28
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 01:09
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/84364
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