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Efficient radio resource management algorithms for downlink long term evolution networks


Mamman, Maharazu (2018) Efficient radio resource management algorithms for downlink long term evolution networks. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


The increasing demand for wireless network services, particularly for downlink broadband communication has triggered the evolution of cellular networks. The Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) introduced the Long Term Evolution (LTE) in response to the forthcoming fourth-generation (4G) cellular networks. LTE is a very complex and large standard. Its performance is dependent on the large range of elements. One of the key essential elements is Radio Resource Management (RRM). RRM has a great impact on the system performance due to many problematic aspects such as packet scheduling, Call Admission Control (CAC) and Energy Efficiency (EE). With the aim to meet the LTE QoS requirements (i.e. Quality of Service (QoS), fairness provisioning, minimal delay, packet loss, and throughput maximization), the objective of scheduling algorithm is critical to use limited available spectrum. As long as choosing an appropriate scheduling algorithm is not standardized by the 3GPP specification for LTE, vendors are free to adopt, configure and implement their own algorithms depending on the problems of the system. Nevertheless, achieving all the intended objectives simultaneously is difficult. Each problem solved can lead to additional ones. For instance, radio resource algorithms intended to maximize system throughput are not appropriate for handling guaranteed bit rate traffic. Hence, the major problem is developing a scheduling algorithm which creates a trade-off between the system performances. It is imperative to note that, in spite of the network-wide control schemes to ease transmission order, mobile data content overwhelms the available bandwidth for each node in many high traffic times. According to this premise, it is understandable that the transmission order is an inevitable issue in LTE mobile networks. Therefore, this thesis examines the efficient resource scheduling algorithms to be resistant to the unpredicted transmission order patterns. Firstly, a QoS channel quality identifier algorithm is proposed, to support the transmission order of users while considering the QoS requirements as well as the channel condition. The algorithm is based on the idea of the optimization problem in which resource allocation problem is formulated as an optimization problem. Optimal priority algorithm uses minimum data rate to guarantees resource allocation to users but increases the average delay and deteriorate the network performance. Therefore, the proposed algorithm minimizes the average delay and improves the network performance. In addition to network deterioration, the admitting of users to the network environment contributes to the ineffective use of resources. Thus, we proposed a call admission control algorithm that admits users to utilize available resources. It adaptively defines how users should be admitted, by considering the network conditions. Furthermore, to deal with the energy consumption problem and provide a trade-off between spectral and energy efficiency, we proposed a spectral and energy efficiency trade-off algorithm. Unlike other algorithms that prolong the battery lifetime by considering the idle state of the base station, thus increasing the average delay and increases the energy consumption. Our algorithms prolong the battery life by adjusting the base station using initial and final states. Consequently, minimizes the average delay as well as low energy consumption. Similarly, the use of omnidirectional antenna to spread radio signals to UEs in all directions causes high interference and low special reuse. We proposed the used of the directional antenna to replaces the omnidirectional antenna by transmitting signals in one direction 600 and 1200 which resulted in no or less interference as well as high spatial reuse. Substantial simulations have been extensively carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithms compared with the existing RRM algorithms. The findings demonstrate that the proposed algorithms have shown significant improvements, which includes: lowering delay, minimizes packet loss, improve fairness, and increases the throughput of the system in the proposed QoS channel quality indicator algorithm. Secondly, the proposed call admission control algorithm improved the resource utilization algorithm thus reducing the call block, call dropped, call degradation. This has further enabled the improvement of data throughput. Lastly, reducing the amount of energy consumed and lowering delay is shown in the proposed spectral-energy efficiency algorithm. Overall, the research has shown promising support and improvements to LTE networks scheduling algorithms and to associated challenges in wireless communication paradigm. Likewise, it would be valuable if the proposed scheduling algorithms are evaluated on anticipated networks covering a large number of users in further research.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subject: Wireless communication systems
Subject: Long-Term Evolution (Telecommunications)
Call Number: FSKTM 2018 82
Chairman Supervisor: Zurina Mohd Hanapi, PhD
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Nur Faseha Mohd Kadim
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2020 10:58
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 08:06
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/83755
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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