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Source water protection from pharmaceutical contaminants: assessment of environmental quality act 1974 and its regulations


Othman, Adillah and Ariffin, Mariani (2019) Source water protection from pharmaceutical contaminants: assessment of environmental quality act 1974 and its regulations. Planning Malaysia, 17 (2). pp. 168-178. ISSN 1675-6215; ESSN: 0128-0945


Pharmaceutical contaminants have become a global “emerging pollutant”. Many countries developed various policies and technologies to deal with the problem. In Malaysia, there is no serious attention given to this problem in the Environmental Quality Act 1974 (EQA) and other regulations (Malaysian legislation). Therefore, pharmaceutical contaminants still enter the environment and affect human health through water consumption and water usage. In response to this problem, this study aims to analyse Malaysian legislation and to identify potential protection provided to protect source water from pharmaceutical contaminants. This study employed a qualitative approach. A systematic search was carried out on existing pharmaceutical-related Malaysian legislation. Later, content analysis was conducted to discover patterns and ideas within the existing legislation. This would determine the provisions that could assist the protection of source water from pharmaceutical contaminants. The findings of this study demonstrate only few provisions addressed the problem of pharmaceutical contaminants and thus, this type of contaminant continues to harm the environment. It is hoped that the result of this study could enhance Malaysian legislation pertaining to the problem and minimise the risk of pharmaceutical contaminant in drinking water.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.21837/pm.v17i10.638
Publisher: Malaysian Institute of Planners
Keywords: Drug disposal; Emerging contaminant; Environmental Quality Act; Malaysia; Pharmaceutical residues; Source water; Waste management; Water pollution
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2021 01:46
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2021 01:46
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetrics.com/details.php?domain=pasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.21837/pm.v17i10.638
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/82216
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