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Screening of lignocellulolytic fungi for hydrolyzation of lignocellulosic materials in paddy straw for bioethanol production


Mohamed Ghazali, Mona Fatin Syazwanee and Mohd Zainudin, Nur Ain Izzati and Abd Aziz, Nor Azwady and Mustafa, Muskhazli (2019) Screening of lignocellulolytic fungi for hydrolyzation of lignocellulosic materials in paddy straw for bioethanol production. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 15 (5). pp. 379-386. ISSN 1823-8262; ESSN: 2231-7538


Aims: Paddy straw is known to have lignocellulosic materials such as cellulose and hemicellulose which can be readily converted into fermentable sugar for production of bioethanol via simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). In order to produce ethanol competently, the degradationof biomass by cellulase and highly ethanol-producing microorganism in fermentation process are necessarily needed. However, there is lacking in cellulose degrading organism in producing adequate amount of lignocellulosic enzyme. Therefore, the screening and selection for the best fungi to hydrolyze the lignocellulosic materials as well as forming consortium between two species of fungi has become the main focus. Methodology and results:Thirteen strains of fast-growing fungi were tested qualitatively forcellulase (congo red staining) and polyphenol oxidase (Bavendamm test). All tested strains displayed lignocellulolytic fungi characteristics. The selection was narrowed down by quantitative assay on endoglucanase, exoglucanase, β-glucosidase and xylanase and the highest cellulases enzyme producer were Trichoderma asperellumB1581 (3.93 U/mL endoglucanase; 2.37 U/mL exoglucanase; 3.00 IU/mL β-glucosidase; 54.87 U/mL xylanase), followed by Aspergillus nigerB2484 (5.60 U/mL endoglucanase; 1.08 U/mL exoglucanase; 1.57 IU/mL β-glucosidase; 56.85 U/mL xylanase). In compatibility test, both T. asperellumB1581 and A. nigerB2484 were inoculated on the same Petri dish for 4 days and the interaction showed by the two species was mutual intermingling.Conclusions, significance and impact of study:Both T.asperellumB1581 and A.nigerB2484 produced the highest cellulase enzyme. Since both strainscan co-exist and produce enzymes that complete each other, a fungal consortiumwas suggested to increase the yield of sugars in saccharification process.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.21161/mjm.180250
Publisher: Malaysian Society for Microbiology
Keywords: Lignocellulolytic fungi; Paddy straw; Bioethanol production
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2021 23:53
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2021 23:53
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetrics.com/details.php?domain=pasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.21161/mjm.180250
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/82068
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