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REST and neural gene network Dysregulation in iPSC models of Alzheimer’s disease


Meyer, Katharina and Feldman, Heather M. and Lu, Tao and Drake, Derek and Lim, Elaine T. and Ling, King Hwa and Bishop, Nicholas A. and Pan, Ying and Seo, Jinsoo and Lin, Yuan Ta and Su, Susan C. and Church, George M. and Tsai, Li Huei and Yankner, Bruce A. (2019) REST and neural gene network Dysregulation in iPSC models of Alzheimer’s disease. Cell Reports, 26 (5). pp. 1112-1127. ISSN 2211-1247


The molecular basis of the earliest neuronal changes that lead to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is unclear. Here, we analyze neural cells derived from sporadic AD (SAD), APOE4 gene-edited and control induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We observe major differences in iPSC-derived neural progenitor (NP) cells and neurons in gene networks related to neuronal differentiation, neurogenesis, and synaptic transmission. The iPSC-derived neural cells from SAD patients exhibit accelerated neural differentiation and reduced progenitor cell renewal. Moreover, a similar phenotype appears in NP cells and cerebral organoids derived from APOE4 iPSCs. Impaired function of the transcriptional repressor REST is strongly implicated in the altered transcriptome and differentiation state. SAD and APOE4 expression result in reduced REST nuclear translocation and chromatin binding, and disruption of the nuclear lamina. Thus, dysregulation of neural gene networks may set in motion the pathologic cascade that leads to AD.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.01.023
Publisher: Cell Press
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; REST; Apolipoprotein E; Epigenetic; Induced pluripotent stem cell; Neural differentiation; Neural progenitor; Neurogenesis; Organoid; Polycomb
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 22:10
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 22:10
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetrics.com/details.php?domain=pasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.celrep.2019.01.023
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/82010
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