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Pathological femoral fracture in a doe secondary to osteomalacia: a veterinary clinical case report


Lim, Eric Teik Chung and Abdullah, Faez Firdaus Jesse and Mohamad Nasir, Nurul Nadiah and Wan Ishak, Wan Mohd Sukri and Abba, Yusuf and Bitrus, Asinamai Athliamai and Peter, Innocent Damudu and Hambali, Idris Umar and Mohd Lila, Mohd Azmi (2019) Pathological femoral fracture in a doe secondary to osteomalacia: a veterinary clinical case report. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 7 (6). pp. 498-502. ISSN 2309-3331; ESSN: 2307-8316


In this veterinary clinical case report highlights a clinical case of pathological femoral fracture in a doe secondary due to osteomalacia. An adult female Katjang goat aged 2 years old was presented to University Veterinary Hospital UPM with the complaint of recumbent and musculoskeletal problem. The doe weight was 18.3 kg with a body condition score of 2 out of 5. The history of the case indicates that the doe was found to fell through the floorboards and the left hindlimb was stucked and later the doe was on sternal recumbency and the most obvious sign was the swollen of the left hindlimb. Physical examination upon palpation revealed that crepitus and bone discontinuity can be felt at the left mid femur with warm and pain upon palpation. Diagnostic workouts of radiography and blood biochemistry were performed in this case. The result of blood biochemistry showed that the doe had hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia which may indicate the doe suffering from a nutritional deficiency of vitamin D. The radiographic findings revealed bone discontinuity at the left mid femur and overriding of the proximal and distal femoral bone fractures with radiological diagnosis of oblique fracture of the left mid femur. Thinning of bone cortex and the presence of increased radiolucency was observed in bone medulla with radiological diagnosis of osteomalacia. Therefore, this clinical case was diagnosed as the doe suffered from pathological femoral fracture secondary to osteomalacia. The farmer was advised to cull the doe due to the welfare, poor prognosis of the case due to the severity and location of the fracture.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2019/7.6.498.502
Publisher: Nexus Academic Publishers
Keywords: Doe; Pathological fracture; Femur; Osteomalacia; Veterinary clinical case
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 21:11
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 21:11
Altmetrics: https://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.17582/journal.aavs/2019/7.6.498.502
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81627
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