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Overweight and obesity among Orang Asli adults in Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang: a four-year follow-up study


Chua, Ee Yin and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Sulaiman, Norhasmah and Appannah, Geeta (2019) Overweight and obesity among Orang Asli adults in Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang: a four-year follow-up study. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 25 (2). pp. 199-207. ISSN 1394-035X


Introduction: Obesity and excess weight gain in adults are linked to an increased risk of cardiometabolic abnormalities. The changing lifestyle experienced by the Orang Asli predisposes the population to the risk of obesity and non-communicable diseases. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as body-weight change over a period of four years among Orang Asli adults. Methods: Data were collected from Orang Asli adults aged ≥18 years, who were enrolled in the 2011-2012 and 2015-2016 surveys, and who were residing within the Krau Wildlife Reserve. Weight and height of the adults (N2011-2012=828; N2015- 2016=662) were measured at both time points. Follow-up data were available for 378 adults (male:113; female:265). Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 18.8% and 7.4% in 2011-2012 and 26.1% and 9.5% in 2015-2016. In the follow-up group, significant differences in body weight and body mass index (BMI) were observed in men and women, respectively. More than one-third (35.5%) of the adults had weight gain of more than 5.0%. The increasing percentage of body weight change was associated with being female, younger age, more years of schooling and reduced household income. Conclusion: Obesity is a growing health problem in the Orang Asli adult population. Weight gain was associated with socioeconomic indicators and it was more prominent in women. Effective strategies are needed to address the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in this population to further reduce adverse health outcomes.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://nutriweb.org.my/mjn/2019.php

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.31246/mjn-2018-0169
Publisher: Nutrition Society of Malaysia
Keywords: Overweight and obesity; Weight gain; Orang Asli adults
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 23:50
Last Modified: 07 May 2021 23:50
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.31246/mjn-2018-0169
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81602
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