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Optical band gap and photoluminescence studies of Eu3+-doped zinc silicate derived from waste rice husks


Mohamed Khaidir, Rahayu Emilia and Yap, Wing Fen and Mohd Zaid, Mohd Hafiz and Matori, Khamirul Amin and Sheh Omar, Nur Alia and Anuar, Muhammad Fahmi and Abdul Wahab, Siti Aisyah and Khirel Azman, Aisyah Zakiah (2019) Optical band gap and photoluminescence studies of Eu3+-doped zinc silicate derived from waste rice husks. Optik, 182. pp. 486-495. ISSN 0030-4026; ESSN: 1618-1336


In this study, investigation on photoluminescence and optical properties of europium doped zinc silicate (Zn2SiO4:Eu3+) glass ceramics derived from white rice husk ash as potential silica source have been done. Undoped and 3 wt. % of europium doped zinc silicate were prepared by solid state method and sintered at 600–1000 °C for 2 h. XRD analysis revealed the phase formation of amorphous, α or β-Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ phases of the glass and glass ceramic samples. FESEM results show the samples were irregular in shapes but well connected and formed large grain crystallites as sintering temperatures increases. The optical band gap values for undoped samples are increasing from 2.97 eV to 3.39 eV respectively. Meanwhile, the optical band gap values for 3 wt. % Eu3+ doped samples decrease from 4.14 eV to 2.62 eV and increase again to 3.71 eV as sintering temperature increases. PL analysis concludes that the red emission exhibited corresponding to 5D0 → 7F2 electron configuration at 612 nm while excitation spectra was found at 400 nm attributed to 7F0 → 5L6 transition. As conclusion, Eu3+ doped Zn2SiO4 glasses has potential as glass host phosphor which can be used for optical devices such as plasma display panels (PDPs) and cathode ray tubes.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.01.061
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Zinc silicate; Europium; Rice husk; Optical properties; Solid state
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2021 14:48
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2021 14:48
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.01.061
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81554
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