UPM Institutional Repository

Oil palm biomass wastes as renewable energy sources in Malaysia: potentials and challenges


Yap, Chee Kong and Yap, Chee Wah and Shih, Hao Tony Peng and Sinniah, Uma Rani and Leow, Chee Seng and He, Yuhai and Ng, Wai Kong (2019) Oil palm biomass wastes as renewable energy sources in Malaysia: potentials and challenges. Global Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 43709. pp. 20-24.


This paper reviews the potentials and challenges of using Oil Palm Biomass Wastes (OPBW) as Renewable Energy (RE) source in Malaysia. The OPBW mainly includes Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB). From the present review, the major potentials of OPBW consist of their large availability, being a major sources of lignocellulosic materials for industrial, being economically viable, being a solution to the disposal problem and cost-benefit. The challenges of using OPBW as RE source are being a high dependency on the availability of the OPWB, unfair subsidies given to RE based fuel, the use of POME that produces methane, substantial amount of under-utilization of lignocellulosic wastes from OPBW, the need for further studies on the correct selection of generation plant size, and not economically competitive. Overall, the challenge is to make the OPBWs as a reliable, profitable and sustainable RE industry. Based on the present review mainly from Malaysia, there are definite potentials/advantages of using OPBW as RE source in Malaysia. Ways and suggestions on these practical issues on how to reduce problems facing the use of OPBW as RE source in Malaysia should be investigated and addressed before the large scale utilization of OPBW as RE source can be anticipated in Malaysia.

Download File

[img] Text (Abstract)
Oil palm biomass wastes as renewable energy sources in Malaysia potentials and challenges.pdf

Download (9kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Science
Publisher: RAFT Publications
Keywords: Oil Palm Biomass Wastes (OPBW); Renewable Energy (RE)
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2020 12:39
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2020 12:39
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81529
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item