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Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a necrosis and ethylene inducing protein (NEP) from Ganoderma boninense


Teh, Chui Yao and Pang, Chin Lin and Tor, Xin Yen and Ho, Pei Yin and Lim, Yi Yi and Namasivayam, Parameswari and Ho, Chai Ling (2019) Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a necrosis and ethylene inducing protein (NEP) from Ganoderma boninense. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 106. pp. 42-48. ISSN 0885-5765; ESSN: 1096-1178


Fungal necrosis and ethylene inducing proteins (NEPs) induce cell death and elicit strong immune responses in many crops. In this study, we report the cloning and characterization of a transcript encoding NEP from Ganoderma boninense which belongs to a family of fungi in Ganodermataceae that cause serious infections of cacao, rubber, tea, coffee and palms. The open reading frame (ORF) encoding NEP inG. boninense(GbNEP) was cloned by 5′and 3’rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) PCR. The transcript abundance of GbNEP increased in fungal culture treated with salicylic acid and jasmonic acid, respectively. The soluble recombinant Gb EP expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) pLysS was able to induce necrosis in tobacco and tomato but ineffective when applied to oil palm leaves and root tissues. The recombinant GbNEP could induce localized cell death, and production of hydrogen peroxide and superoxide in tobacco leaves. The addition of LaCl3(a calcium channel inhibitor) and EGTA (a Ca2+chelator) to tobacco leaves prior to the challenge with GbNEP significantly reduced the necrosis symptoms indicating that Ca2+is required for the action of GbNEP. In summary, this is the first report of NEP from Ganoderma species which may contribute to further research on the role of GbNEP during disease development.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Plantation Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.12.003
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Ganoderma; Necrosis and ethylene inducing protein; Recombinant protein; Dicots; Monocots
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 25 May 2021 23:44
Last Modified: 25 May 2021 23:44
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.12.003
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81405
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