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Label-free detection of dissolved carbon dioxide utilizing multimode tapered optical fiber coated zinc oxide nanorice


Wan Ab Rahman, Wan Baihaqi and Azeman, Nur Hidayah and Kamaruddin, Nur Hasiba and Menon, Susthitha and Shabaneh, Arafat Abdallah Abdelwadod and Mahdi, Mohd Adzir and Mokhtar, Mohd Hadri Hafiz and Arsad, Norhana and A. Bakar, Ahmad Ashrif (2019) Label-free detection of dissolved carbon dioxide utilizing multimode tapered optical fiber coated zinc oxide nanorice. IEEE Access, 7. pp. 4538-4545. ISSN 2169-3536


A label-free detection for dissolved carbon dioxide (dCO 2 ) is developed using a tapered optical fiber sensor. The tapered region of the optical fiber is coated with the zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorice and used as a probe for dCO 2 sensing. The sensor probe was exposed to different concentrations of dCO 2 solution ranging from 10 to 100 ppm. ZnO nanorice can adsorb dCO 2 via strong hydrogen bonding due to the presence of plenty of oxygen atoms on its surface layer. The interaction between ZnO nanorice and dCO 2 changes the optical properties of the ZnO nanorice layer, resulting in the change in reflectance. From the experiment, the result shows that there is an improvement in the sensitivity of the sensor when higher concentration was used. A broad linear trend ranging from 0 to 60 ppm ( R2=0.972 ) is observed for the sensor probe that is coated with 1.0 M of ZnO nanorice compared with the 0.1 M and 0.5 M ZnO nanorice concentrations. The sensor sensitivity obtained is 0.008 mW/ppm. The sensor demonstrates a response and recovery time of 0.47 and 1.70 min, respectively. Good repeatability is obtained with the standard deviation in the range of 0.008–0.027. The average resolution calculated for this sensor is 4.595 ppm.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8581407

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2888626
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords: Optical fiber sensor; Tapered optical fiber; Zinc oxide; Dissolved carbon dioxide
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 02:21
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 02:21
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2888626
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81190
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