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Development of an enzyme-based fiber optic biosensor for detection of haloalkanes


Daud, Nurul Hazwani and Oslan, Siti Nurbaya and Thean, Chor Leow and Salleh, Abu Bakar (2019) Development of an enzyme-based fiber optic biosensor for detection of haloalkanes. Sensor Review, 39 (6). pp. 810-818. ISSN 0260-2288


Purpose – The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the development of an enzyme-based sensor for haloalkane detection. Haloalkane is a toxic compound that is found as genotoxic impurities in pharmaceutical products and contaminants in waste. The need to investigate the genotoxic level in pharmaceutical manufacturing is very crucial because of its toxicity effects on human health. The potential of mini protein as an alternative bioreceptor was explored with the aim to be more effective and stable under extreme conditions. Design/methodology/approach – Mini proteins of haloalkane dehalogenase (HLD) were computationally designed and experimentally validated. Tapered multimode fiber (TMMF) was bio-functionalized with a bioreceptor either native (positive control) or mini protein. The absorbance-based sensor resulting from the binding interaction of mini protein with haloalkane was monitored through a wavelength range of 200-1,300 nm. Findings – An increment of the UV absorption is observed at 325 nm when haloalkane interacted with the immobilized bioreceptors, native or mini protein. Both biosensors displayed a continuous response over the range of 5-250 mM haloalkane. They also had the capability to detect haloalkanes below 1 min and with an operational stability of up to seven days without significant loss of sensitivity. Practical implications – The results indicate the potential viability of the enzyme HLD-based sensor to monitor the existence of haloalkane in both pharmaceutical and environmental products. Originality/value – The paper describes an outcome of experimental work on TMMF-based biosensor coated with HLD for label-free haloalkane detection. Mini protein can be used as an effective bioreceptor with some structural modification to improve functionality and stability.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-01-2019-0001
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Keywords: Biosensor; Bioreceptor; Haloalkane dehalogenase; Mini protein
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2020 07:18
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 07:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1108/SR-01-2019-0001
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/81148
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