UPM Institutional Repository

Centella asiatica prevents chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced behavioral changes in rats


Jagadeesan, Saravanan and Musa Chiroma, Samaila and Baharuldin, Mohamad Taufik Hidayat and Mat Taib, Che Norma and Amom, Zulkhairi and Adenan, Mohd Ilham and Mohd Moklas, Mohamad Aris (2019) Centella asiatica prevents chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced behavioral changes in rats. Biomedical Research and Therapy, 6 (6). pp. 3233-3243. ISSN 2198-4093


Background: Depression is a psychological disorder which is associated with mood swings and cognitive deficits, and is ranked third among the leading causes of global health care burden. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) has been shown to induce depression-like behaviors in rodents, which exhibit similarities to the human form of depression. Centella asiatica (CA) is an ancient medicinal plant which has neuro protective potential. This work aimed to assess the pro-tective role of CA on CUMS-induced rats. Methods: Thirty six rats randomly divided into six groups were used for the evaluation. The groups were as follows: 1, Unstressed + normal saline (control);2, CUMS + normal saline (model); 3, CUMS + fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) standard antidepressant; 4-6,CUMS + CA (200, 400 & 800 mg/kg). Nine different stressors (S) (S1: 24-h food deprivation, S2: 24-h water deprivation, S3: 5-min cold swimming (at 5◦C), S4: 12-h change of cage mate, S5: 1-mintail pinch (1 cm from the tip of the tail), S6: 12-h cage tilt (at 45◦), S7: 12-h overcrowding of cage,S8: 12-h wet bedding with 200 mL of water, and S9: 4-h physical restraint) were administered to the stressed groups with at least 2 stressors per day. The treatments lasted for 8 weeks, and the rats were evaluated through open field test (OFT) and elevated plus maze (EPM) for anxiety-like behavior, forced swimming test (FST) for depression-like behaviour, and T-maze spontaneous alter-nation for learning and memory. Furthermore, serum cortisol levels were also evaluated. Results: CUMS-induced rats showed anxiety-like behaviors in OFT and EPM tests, depression-like behavior in FST and cognitive deficits in T-maze test, as well as increased serum cortisol levels. Conversely, administration of CA (at 400 and 800 mg/kg doses) and fluoxetine (at 10 mg/kg dose) prevented the aberrant behavioral changes and also the changes in the serum cortisol levels. No significant differences of behaviors were observed between the groups of rats administered with CA (400 and800 mg/kg) and those administered with fluoxetine (10 mg/kg), suggesting that the therapeutic potential of CA is comparable to that of fluoxetine. Conclusion: The data obtained showed that CA, at doses of 400 and 800 mg/kg, effectively reversed the anxiety and depression-like behaviors, amnesic behaviors, as well as serum cortisol levels in a CUMS-induced rat model of depression. This suggests that CA is a potential candidate for the development of future anti-depressants.

Download File

[img] Text
CENTELLA.pdf - Published Version

Download (109kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15419/bmrat.v6i6.550
Publisher: BioMedPress
Keywords: Centella asiatica; Anxiety; Depression; Chronic stress; Fluoxetine; Cognitive deficits; Behavioural tests; Forced swimming test; Cortisol
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2020 13:05
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2020 13:05
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi= 10.15419/bmrat.v6i6.550
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80874
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item