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Biochemical evaluation of phenolic compounds and steviol glycoside from Stevia rebaudiana extracts associated with in vitro antidiabetic potential


Zaidan, Uswatun Hasanah and Mohamad Zen, Nur Izzati and Amran, Nor Aida and Shamsi, Suhaili and Abd Gani, Siti Salwa (2019) Biochemical evaluation of phenolic compounds and steviol glycoside from Stevia rebaudiana extracts associated with in vitro antidiabetic potential. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 18. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1878-8181


Apart from being well known to the world as herb-based sweetening additive, Stevia rebaudiana (S. rebaudiana) and its phenolic compounds are considered as a natural antidiabetic alternative to replace synthetic drugs that possess numbers of side effects. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the solvent effects on the extraction of phenolic compounds and steviol glycoside identification associated with antidiabetic potential of the extracts. Total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid (TFC) content of the extracts were quantified, while the antidiabetic activity of the extracts was determined byα-amylase andα-glucosidase inhibitory assay. As a matter of interest, TFC was found to be present at the highest concentration in ethanol extract (10.91 mg QE/g), while the presence of TPC showed no significant difference between water extract (6.65 mg GAE/g) and other organic solvents. HPLC analysis showed the abundant presence of steviol glycoside in the water extract, the principal compound suggested for treating diabetes. Furthermore, GC-MS analysis has shown the major compounds of 1-hepta-triacotanol, duvatrienediol, dihydroxanthin,β-amyrin, lupenone, phytol,γ-sitosterol, agatholic acid and fatty acids were present. In relation to the antidiabetic potential, the effects of the extracts in inhibitingα-amylase andα-glucosidase activity were investigated in vitro. Interestingly, among allS. rebaudiana extracts, water extract exhibited the most significantα-amylase inhibitory activity with IC50= 8.63μg/ml, comparable to the synthetic drug, acarbose IC50= 13.73μg/ml. These findings demonstrated that phenolic recovery was highly dependent on extraction solvent and the promising water extract as the bestα-amylase inhibitory potential with greatest steviol glycoside recovery.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Halal Products Research Institute
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101049
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Stevia rebaudiana; Phenolic content; Steviol glycoside; α-Amylase inhibitory activity; α-Glucosidase inhibitory activity; Antidiabetic potential
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2020 22:12
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2020 22:12
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101049
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80815
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