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Applications of microalga Chlorella vulgaris in aquaculture


Md Yusoff, Fatimah and Shariff, Mohamed and Goh, Yong Meng and Ahmad, Muhammad Talba and Banerjee, Sanjoy (2019) Applications of microalga Chlorella vulgaris in aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12 (1). pp. 328-346. ISSN 1753-5131; ESSN: 1753-5123


Microalgae biomass is used in aquaculture as feed, growth enhancers and immunostimulants. Chlorella vulgaris is an important species with a good biomolecular composition. Commercially, it is one of the most commonly used microalga in aquaculture. Several studies confirmed its ability to improve nutrition, immunity, aquatic bioremediation, amelioration of stress, disease resistance of fish and inhibits bacterial quorum sensing when used appropriately. Despite claims of its benefits, C. vulgaris is reported to have unfavourable effects when incorporated in diets at higher inclusion levels. In addition, its rigid cell wall might restrict the access of digestive enzymes to the intracellular components for proper digestion and assimilation. Thus, this review discusses the role of C. vulgaris and its importance in aquaculture with emphasis on its environmental requirements, morphology, pigments, digestibility, dynamics on growth performance, antibacterial activity, bacterial quorum sensing, immunomodulatory effect, anti‐stress effect, gut microbiome, aquatic bioremediation and its safety as food or feed.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12320
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Keywords: Aquaculture; Chlorella vulgaris; Digestibility; Immunity; Nutrition
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 15:00
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2020 15:00
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1111/raq.12320
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80713
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