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Antifungal activities against oil palm pathogen Ganoderma boninense from seaweeds sources


Balia Yusof, Zetty Norhana and Abdul Aziz, Syamimi Diyana and Abdul Wahab, Mohd Aswad and Sabri, Suriana and Jafarah, Nur Fazirah (2019) Antifungal activities against oil palm pathogen Ganoderma boninense from seaweeds sources. Asia-Pacific Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, 27 (1). pp. 75-83. ISSN 0128-7451


Basal stem rot (BSR) disease is the most devastating disease in oil palm which is caused by a fungal pathogen, Ganoderma boninense. However, to date, there is no reliable control for this disease. This study investigated the antifungal potential of seaweed extracts against G. boninense and screening of the compounds possessing this antifungal activity. Four seaweed species namely cfSargassum oligocystum, Caulerpa racemosa, Caulerpa racemosa var. lamouroxii and cfHalimeda macrophysa were collected from Teluk Kemang, Port Dickson, Malaysia and their antifungal potential against G. boninense were evaluated. Two solvents with different polarities were used for crude extraction namely methanol and chloroform. Antifungal assay using crude methanolic and chloroform extracts from these seaweed species were carried out at various concentrations using the poisoned food technique. Caulerpa racemosa var. lamouroxii chloroform extract showed strong antifungal activity against G. boninense with 27.44% inhibition of the fungus followed by C. racemosa methanolic extract with 26.92% inhibition of the fungus at the lowest extract concentration of 0.25 mg/mL. The extracts were subjected to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry analysis and the dominant bioactive compounds detected in both extracts were phytol and l-(+)-ascorbic acid 2,6- dihexadecanoate which were also found in plant extracts showing antimicrobial activities in previous studies. The findings suggested that local Malaysian seaweed species have high potential as a source of antifungal compounds which could be useful specifically for the application in the oil palm industry.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.35118/apjmbb.2019.027.1.08
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Antifungal activity; Bioactive compounds; Seaweeds; Oil palm; Basal stem rot; Ganoderma boninense
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 15:21
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2020 15:21
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.35118/apjmbb.2019.027.1.08
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80670
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