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An overview of biomass thermochemical conversion technologies in Malaysia


Wan Ab. Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina and Chan, Yi Herng and Cheah, Kin Wai and How, Bing Shen and Loy, Adrian Chun Minh and Shahbaz, Muhammad and Sing, Haswin Kaur Gurdeep and Yusuf, Nur'aini Raman and Ahmad Shuhaili, Ahmad Fadzil and Yusup, Suzana and Rambli, Jakaria and Kansha, Yasuki (2019) An overview of biomass thermochemical conversion technologies in Malaysia. Science of the Total Environment, 680. pp. 105-123. ISSN 0048-9697; ESSN: 1879-1026


The rising pressure on both cleaner production and sustainable development have been the main driving force that pushes mankind to seek for alternative greener and sustainable feedstocks for chemical and energy production. The biomass ‘waste-to-wealth’ concept which convert low value biomass into value-added products which contain high economic potential, have attracted the attentions from both academicians and industry players. With a tropical climate, Malaysia has a rich agricultural sector and dense tropical rainforest, giving rise to abundance of biomass which most of them are underutilized. Hence, the biomass ‘waste-to-wealth’ conversion through various thermochemical conversion technologies and the prospective challenges towards commercialization in Malaysia are reviewed in this paper. In this paper, a critical review about the maturity status of the four most promising thermochemical conversion routes in Malaysia (i.e. gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction and hydroprocessing) is given. The current development of thermochemical conversion technologies for biomass conversion in Malaysia is also reviewed and benchmarked against global progress. Besides, the core technical challenges in commercializing these green technologies are highlighted as well. Lastly, the future outlook for successful commercialization of these technologies in Malaysia is included.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.211
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Biomass; Thermochemical conversion
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2020 20:32
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2020 20:32
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.211
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80620
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