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Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in commercial marine fish from Malaysia


Hamzah, Hazilawati and Karbalaei, Samaneh and Abdulwahid, Samiaa Jamil and Golieskardi, Abolfazl and Hanachi, Parichehr and Walker, Tony R. and Karami, Ali (2019) Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in commercial marine fish from Malaysia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 148. pp. 5-15. ISSN 0025-326X; ESSN: 18793363


Plastic debris is widespread and ubiquitous in the marine environment and ingestion of plastic debris by marine organisms is well-documented. Viscera and gills of 110 individual marine fish from 11 commercial fish species collected from the marine fish market were examined for presence of plastic debris. Isolated particles were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, and elemental analysis was assessed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Nine (of 11) species contained plastic debris. Out of 56 isolated particles, 76.8% were plastic polymers, 5.4% were pigments, and 17.8% were unidentified. Extracted plastic particle sizes ranged from 200 to 34,900 μm (mean = 2600 μm ±7.0 SD). Hazardous material was undetected using inorganic elemental analysis of extracted plastic debris and pigment particles. The highest number of ingested microplastics was measured in Eleutheronema tridactylum and Clarias gariepinus, suggesting their potential as indicator species to monitor and study trends of ingested marine litter.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.07.072
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Microplastics; Commercial fish; Ingestion; Raman spectroscopy
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 15:29
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2020 15:29
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.07.072
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/80527
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