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Food consumption and assimilation of the adult dog conch Laevistrombus canarium (linnaeus 1758) at different temperatures


Wan Hassan, Wan Nurul Husna and S. M. Nurul Amin and Abd Ghaffar, Mazlan and Che Cob, Zaidi (2019) Food consumption and assimilation of the adult dog conch Laevistrombus canarium (linnaeus 1758) at different temperatures. Malaysia Journal of Science, 38 (2). pp. 98-114. ISSN 1394-3065; ESSN: 2600-8688


Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus 1758) or the dog conch is a highly important fishery species with great potential for introduction into aquaculture. The present study evaluates food consumption and assimilation by the adult conch at different temperatures (i.e. 22°C, 26°C, 30°C and 34°C). The conchs were acclimated for one week in stocking tanks with well-aerated seawater of 30 PSU salinity and at ambient temperature of 26°C. Prior to experimentation, the gastric emptying level of the conchs were standardized by allowing them to feed till satiation, followed by 24 h starvation. Ten similar sized aquaria (20 x 15 x 15 cm) were used, each containing one individual conch. Each conch was provided with similar quantity of food (~ 102.13 ± 0.45 mg of sinking pellets) and they were allowed to feed within a 24 h period. The food consumption rate for adult conchs was significantly different (p<0.05) between different temperature regimes. Hence, the food absorption efficiency was also affected (p<0.05), which ranged from 55.21% to 74.75%. The food energy absorbed showed significant variations between temperatures (p<0.05). Higher food consumption and assimilation was recorded at 26°C followed by 30°C, 34°C and 22°C. Adult L. canarium can adapt well in captive conditions by efficiently digesting particularly food pellets. However, more studies are still needed, particularly by adopting longer exposure times as well as higher temperature ranges, in order to better understand the effect of temperatures on the species.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://mjs.um.edu.my/article/view/14375

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.22452/mjs.vol38no2.7
Publisher: Faculty of Science, University of Malaya
Keywords: Absorption efficiency; Energy absorbed; Laboratory condition; Merambong shoal; Siput gonggong
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2023 02:27
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2023 02:27
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.22452/mjs.vol38no2.7
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/79932
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